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About Us Units Department of Anatomy and Histology Student’s Guide to Anatomy

Student’s Guide to Anatomy

For inactive students and for postponed or re-take examinations
(updated: 7th September, 2019)

Students are asked to take note of the following subject prerequisite requirements: A pass in the Anatomy I. examination is a mandatory requirement for participation in Anatomy III. classes (from September 2019), and a pass in the Anatomy II. examination is equally mandatory for participation in Topographic Anatomy classes (from February 2019), as announced in August 2018.

Until the 15th December 2019, Anatomy I. re-take and inactive practical examinations shall be evaluated as per the regulations for the 2018/2019 academic year: students shall have to reach a total of 22 points to pass, and the examination tables will not be divided into two topics.

Until the 2nd of February 2020, Anatomy III. re-take and inactive theoretical examinations shall equally be processed as per the regulations for the 2018/2019 academic year, to wit there shall be no entrance examination and the students shall draw three topics from the previously published topic lists.

From the 3rd February 2020 the regulations below shall be applied for all Anatomy examinations.

 

Information about Anatomy Examinations for REGULAR students
of the English-language Program
(and for those re-taking the subject)

(updated: 7th September, 2019)

 

IMPORTANT NOTEStudents re-taking a given part of the subject are regarded as “regular” for that part, thus the information below shall apply. Exam dates for every student will be published through the NEPTUN-system shortly after the beginning of each academic semester.

Based on questions frequently asked by students about the organisation of the teaching and examination of the subject “Anatomy” the most important information for students has been compiled below. Should you, however, still have related questions please feel free to contact the corresponding contact professor of your class via email. You are kindly requested not to address the head-of-department or his secretary with teaching-related or personal issues.

Contents

  1. General information
  2. Laboratory practicals
  3. Midterms
  4. Consultations
  5. Exams
  6. Anatomy I. Exam Information
  7. Anatomy II. Exam Information
  8. Anatomy III. Final Exam Information
  9. Neptun related

 

1. General information

1.1. There are no prescribed textbooks. Any exam in anatomy will be based on the information given during lectures, plenary sessions, practicals and the recommended books referred to in lectures – limited copies are available in the Library of the University:

  • König-Liebich: Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Mammals: Textbook and Colour Atlas
  • Nickel, Schummer, Seiferle: Anatomy of the Domestic Animals
  • Dyce, Sack, Wensing: Textbook of veterinary anatomy
  • Constantinescu: Illustrated Veterinary Anatomical Nomenclature
  • Evans-deLahunta: Miller’s Anatomy of the Dog
  • Evans-deLahunta: Guide to the dissection of the Dog
  • Sótonyi Péter: Anatomia Canis CD-ROM
  • Budras: Anatomy of the Dog, An Illustrated Text
  • Budras: Anatomy of the Horse

1.2. All questions relating to the subject of anatomy are addressed in lectures on anatomy and are governed by the information available on the official website of the Department of Anatomy and Histology (hereafter: the Department). If you have any other questions, please email your class’s contact professor. Please contact the Department Secretary or the Head of Department only in exceptional cases.

1.3. Each and every examination organized by the Department shall be associated with an individual deadline for registration in the NEPTUN-System; thus we strongly recommend students to verify that deadline at least one week prior to the exam, since it is not possible to make any changes once the registration period has been closed!
Please do check the email account you submitted to the NEPTUN-system frequently and follow the changes made on the Department’s website (through RSS or by checking the date of the last modification); changes & updates will be published therein.

1.4. In many cases, examinations in the NEPTUN-system are given an individual application deadline; thus, always please check at least one week before the exam how long you can modify your application for, as this is no longer possible after the application deadline.

1.5. Anatomy lectures are held in the Zimmermann Lecture Hall (Building “E”). Due to the use of live animals, the first class of the first autumn semester will be held in the Marek Classroom (Building “O”); the remainder shall be held in the Zimmermann Lecture Hall at the scheduled times.

1.6. All students are expected to attend all scheduled classes. Taking pictures, videos or recordings during the lectures, plenary sessions or practicals is strictly prohibited!

 

2. Laboratory practicals

2.1. You are asked to wear a white, long-sleeved lab coat at all times in the dissection theatre. High heels and open shoes are not permitted for safety and hygiene reasons. We advise students to eat and drink prior to the practicals.

2.2. Starting from the first dissection practical (held in week 8), all students must bring their own dissection kits. Required tools and equipment are as follows:

gloves (standard examination gloves, at least 2 pairs for each dissection practical)
scalpel (suggested size: #4)
blades (suggested size: #21)
forceps (with teeth, for tissue)

Further tools may be useful: hemostats, scissors, anatomical forceps, hooks, forceps for vessels, etc.

2.3. Lost items are collected in the labelled containers in the dissection hall dressing rooms.

2.4. Assignment into groups:

2.4.1. The Department uses the official group assignment provided by the Students’ Secretariat.

2.4.2. You can, attend the lab you are registered for only. A permanent change to that may be requested but has to be approved by both the Department and the Secretariat.

2.5. Laboratory attendance is compulsory!

2.6. It is highly recommended that students bring lecture notes and/or textbooks into the dissection hall. Hygiene regulations, however, have to be met and it is the responsibility of students to ensure the hygiene of their notes, the safety and hygiene of others around them and to prevent contamination of any textbooks with tissue or other biohazards which might then leave the dissection hall.

2.7. The 1st lab of the autumn semester:

2.7.1. For 1st year students (Anatomy I. labs): wearing a lab coat is compulsory and the laboratory practicals shall be in the dissection hall building E1.

2.7.1.2. The first lab also serves as an initial induction, for staff and students to meet and for students to gain an understanding of the safety regulations of the dissection hall. You will have to sign the attendance sheet for this first lab practical in order to participate in further labs.

2.8. Further labs during the academic year:

2.8.1. Practicals are held in building “E1” for the 1st semester and in building “P” for the 2nd and 3rd semesters. The primary objective of the course is to provide the students with hands-on experience that should support and illustrate the concepts covered in the lectures and plenary sessions. Lab practice is about seeing and doing, thus please arrive well-prepared for the practicals to use the time efficiently. In addition, we advise students to focus on a weekly basis on recapitulating the topics covered in the plenary sessions.

2.8.2. The Department registers student attendance based on the attendance lists at the beginning of each practical. It is the responsibility of the student to register themselves even in cases of being late or some other circumstances. Thus, please always make sure that you have been registered upon arrival.

2.9. Absences:

2.9.1. With more than three (3) recorded absences your semester CANNOT be accepted for that subject; thus, it must be re-taken during a later semester for an additional fee in order to sit the examination. This includes any absences for scheduled clinical attendance.

2.9.2. Students cannot be exempted from the regulations on absences by bringing any form of certification for missed practicals (such as a medical certificate)

2.9.3. Due to logistical issues there will be no make-up practicals. If possible, arrangements shall be made for students to catch up any missed section during later regular practicals; please see your professor for advice. There will also be some limited opportunities to visit the lab outside official hours with a tutor (see §4. Consultation).

2.9.4. Upon prior request students may be allowed to switch exceptionally to a group other than that in which they are registered. Such a request, however, must be sent before noon to both of the affected tutors at the latest one working day before the practical. The request is only accepted after the agreement of both tutors. Such a request may affect ONE practical only and will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

2.10. Due to the need for efficient laboratory management and due to the size of the groups it is not possible to attend additional labs outside the limits of a student’s mandatory quota (including labs of different courses/years).

 

 3. Midterms

3.1. During the first year, the Department provides opportunities for the students to monitor their study progress.

3.2. The midterms are voluntary; no make-up midterms will be organised.

3.3 Reaching an average mark of 75% in the midterms in the active semester will result in a partial exemption from the corresponding Anatomy practical exam.

3.4. Exemptions are valid for the active semester only but would remain valid for any re-take exams of the subject the student may sit in that semester.

3.5. Midterm results will be published through the NEPTUN-system, within three working days.

3.6. The theoretical midterm of the autumn semester shall take the following form:

3.6.1. Written test, with single choice and simple answer type questions of a similar nature to the Anatomy I. theoretical exam. A sample test is available here.

3.6.2. Date: 2019. 8th of October, 7:40

3.6.3. Location: Assembly Hall (Building “G”, entrance through building “H”)

3.6.4. Topics: anatomical directions, regions, the skeleton of the trunk, forelimb and hindlimb

3.6.5. Available time: 18 minutes

3.6.6. Students who are on compulsory clinical schedule at this hour may contact Dr. Mátyás  KAPILLER in advance(!), with the support of the class representative, to arrange a make-up midterm if needed.

3.6.7. Review: 2019. 11th of October (Friday), 10:00-11:30 in the Tormay Béla Lecture Hall (Building “L”), according to the regular review regulations (§5.9)

3.7. The practical midterm of the autumn semester (bone-test) shall take the following form:

3.7.1. Pin-test. Students shall be required to identify marked structures on bones and write their answers on the answer-sheet. A similar type of exam shall be performed for the practical exam of the autumn semester and the entrance exam for the spring semester.

3.7.2. Date: 7th week of the semester, during the regular labs, for all students during their own practicals.

group 5&6: 24th of October (Thursday)

other groups: 25th October (Friday)

3.7.3. Topic: skull, skeleton of the trunk, forelimb and hind limb.

3.7.4. There will be 2 tables with 8 structures to identify on each (16 points in total). Students shall be given 5 minutes for each table.

3.7.5. Students who are on compulsory clinical schedule at this hour please contact (through the class representative) via email Dr. Andrea Heinzlmann in advance(!) to arrange a make-up midterm if needed.

3.8. Students who average 75% or more in the two midterms combined shall be exempted from the first (“bones only”) table of the practical exam; a maximum score for this table shall be recorded automatically for such students (§6.5.3.).

3.9. Midterms of the spring semester shall take the following form:

3.9.1. Two pin-tests, similar to those of the first semester using formalin-preserved and dissected specimens.

3.9.2. The exact schedule shall be published at the beginning of the spring semester.

3.9.3. Topics will be published at the beginning of the spring semester also.

3.9.4. There will be 2 tables with 8 structures on each and 5 minutes for each during both midterms.

3.9.5. Students on compulsory clinical schedule will be provided with make-up opportunities. The schedule will be announced during the spring term.

3.9.6. Students who average 75% or more in the two midterms combined shall be exempted from the pin-test entrance examination of the Anatomy II. practical exam.

 

4. Consultations 

4.1. The Department does offer some limited additional opportunity for students to study the bones and formalin-preserved organs and to practise dissection.

4.2. Instructors (demonstrators) will be present during the practice. Their job is to help the students and ensure compliance with the general rules of the dissection theatre.

4.3. These general rules must be obeyed during consultations, i.e. wearing appropriate lab coats and attire, refraining from eating, drinking, recording etc.

4.4. Bones, and organs must not be taken out of the dissection theatre under any circumstances. The Department has no means of replacing damaged/lost specimens and thus students are asked to take great care with the specimens with which they work.

4.5. Failure to comply with these regulations, inappropriate behaviour or removal of specimens shall result in the suspension or termination of consultations.

 

 5. Examinations

5.1. Every anatomy examination (including topographic anatomy) has two principal sections: a practical and a theoretical one. Students are required to present their study record books at both practical and oral exams. Passing the practical portion of the examination is always a prerequisite for sitting the theoretical exam; it is not, however, a prerequisite for REGISTERING for the theoretical exam! Accordingly, you are welcome to register for a theoretical date without having passed the practical. Prior to the theoretical exam the Department will remove the students who have not passed their practical examinations from the registration list without any negative consequences for the affected students. Please be aware that the last week of the exam period is usually for re-takes of failed exams only. 

5.2. Practical and theoretical exams in anatomy, sat from the Spring term of the 2015/2016 academic year onwards, constitute separate entities. Accordingly:

5.2.1. A “pass” in a practical examination remains valid for later exam periods for Anatomy I., II., III. and for Topographic Anatomy.

5.2.2. A number of examination opportunities are separately available for both the practical and the theoretical exams.

NOTE: Passing practical marks earned before 8th February 2016 do NOT remain valid, except for Anatomy III. practical examination passes – these are valid for a further 24 months.
IMPORTANT: Please verify your student status!

5.3. To sit any examination, you must not have more than 3 laboratory absences recorded during the semester, i.e. the semester must be accepted – as certified by the “signature” of the authorized lecturer in the NEPTUN-system.

5.4. Students should be able to see the exact time and place of the exam in the NEPTUN-system soon after the closure of the registration period. Up to that time the date is valid only (and the time is set to an unrealistic one), since the Department must know the exact number of students being registered for any particular day to finalise arrangements. Organising the exams (preparing the carcasses, printing the tests, reserving the premises, nominating the supervisors, etc.) is not possible prior to this.

5.4.1. Please remember: registration deadlines may be significantly different for each exam, even for the same subject.  Accordingly, you are advised to verify the deadline for an examination registration at least one week prior to the exam. It is not possible to make any changes once the registration period has been closed.

5.4.2. Unregistered students are not allowed to sit examinations (except for obligatory examinations for the Anatomy I. practical during the last week)!

5.5. During written exams, the available time as well as the number, the distribution or the emphasis of different question-types may differ. You may download a sample test from here.

5.6. Evaluation of the written tests (including the pin-tests) in the first semester is usually as follows:

Mark Percent
excellent (5) 90-100%
good (4) 80-89%
satisfactory (3) 70-79%
passing (2) 55-69%
failing (1) 0-54%

5.7. Evaluation of the written tests (including the pin-tests) in the second semester is usually as follows:

Mark Percent
excellent (5) 90-100%
good (4) 80-89%
satisfactory (3) 70-79%
passing (2) 60-69%
failing (1) 0-59%

5.8. Results should be published through the NEPTUN-system within three working days of sitting an examination.

    5.8.1. Results of the Anatomy I. practical exams will be published before the closest Anatomy I. theoretical exam that follows.

5.9. Students will be notified about any test-review opportunities through the NEPTUN-system.

5.9.1. There will be ONE test-review for every written test.

5.9.2. Viewing another student’s test is only possible with their signed permission.

5.9.3. Students may ask for an individual test-review date if the original schedule makes attendance impossible for them. Such requests are always evaluated on a case-by-case basis and MUST be sent before the original review.

5.9.4. No further exam-review is possible once the exam-period is concluded.

5.9.5. If a student is found to have taken a photograph or record of any test, their review will be immediately terminated, and that student will no longer be allowed to attend any further reviews in the Department.

5.10. The preparation times for the Anatomy II. and Anatomy III. dissection exams and the Anatomy III final oral exam are 40 minutes; preparation time for every other oral or dissection exam shall be 20 minutes.

6. Anatomy I. Exam Information

6.1. Prerequisite for the Anatomy I. practical exam is a “signature” for the practical labs (see §5.3.)

6.2. In case of a student failing the semester, the student is then entitled to visit the Anatomy I. labs in a later semester dependent upon their student status.

6.3. The exam has a practical and a theoretical part.

6.4. Successful completion of the practical exam as detailed under §5 is a prerequisite requirement for sitting the theoretical examination.

6.5. Practical examinations

6.5.1. Practical exams are evaluated with “non-satisfactory / satisfactory / excellent” marks.

6.5.2. It is obligatory to attempt the practical exam during your last practical of the first semester. No NEPTUN registration is required for this exam. Participating with another group is only possible if it has been requested and allowed for in advance, similar to a normal lab-change (see §2.9.4.). However, NEPTUN registration is mandatory for all subsequent practical exam dates!

6.5.3. The Anatomy I. practical exam shall be a pin-test, performed similar to the bone-test during the semester.

6.5.3.1. There shall be 4 tables for each exam, with 10 structures on each, and 6 minutes given for each.

6.5.3.2. The four tables will be divided into two topics: “Conserved specimens” and “Fresh carcass”, with two tables for each. On the first “Conserved specimens” table there will be bones only, on the second one there will be skulls and formalin-preserved specimens. On the two “Fresh carcass” tables there will be fresh, dissected cadavers showing muscles, bones, ligaments, and tendons.

N.B.: Please note that the aforementioned separation is based solely on the form in which the given specimen is presented. Any part of the curriculum may be asked on any of the four tables (e.g.: muscle topics may be asked on the formalin-preserved specimens, just as joint or bone questions may be asked on the fresh cadavers).

6.5.3.3. In accordance with §3.8. for students with exemptions, the “bones only” table will be credited with 100% (with maximum points).

       6.5.3.4. In the practical test we use the following grades: passed/failed/excellent pass.

6.5.3.5. For a “passing” grade students have to reach at least 11 points on each of the “Conserved specimens” and “Fresh carcass” topic areas. For an “excellent” grade 36 points or more are needed in total.

N.B.: It is, for example, not enough to pass if you reach the maximum points (20 pts) in “Conserved specimens”, but only achieve 10 points in the “Fresh carcass” section, even though it means you have 30 points in total. However, by contrast, you may pass with 22 points total as long as those points are evenly split such that 11 points comes from each topic area.

6.5.4. In accordance with §5.8., results shall be published in 3 working days, but always prior to the next theoretical exam.

6.5.5. Due to the nature of the exam it is not possible to have a review on it, but students will be presented with the correct answers directly after each exam

6.6. Theoretical examination

6.6.1. The Anatomy I. theoretical exam is a written test.

6.6.2. The exact schedule will be published during the semester

6.6.3. There will be no mandatory dates, but NEPTUN registration is required for every date!

6.6.4. Topics: everything that is included in the lecture and study themes of the semester.

 

7. Anatomy II. Exam Information

7.1. The Anatomy II exam has a practical and a theoretical part as well.

7.1.1. The practical exam includes every PRACTICAL topic from the entire academic year.

7.1.2. The theoretical examination shall be about the topics of the spring semester ONLY.

7.1.3. Theoretical examination is carried out as per the Anatomy I. theoretical exam format, in accordance with the general regulations (see §5 and §6.6).

7.2. The Anatomy II. practical exam shall be structured as follows:

7.2.1. Unlike in the first semester, there is no compulsory date for the Anatomy II. practical exam. Students should register for the date they prefer through the NEPTUN-system.

7.2.2. The Anatomy II. practical exam has two major parts: an entrance examination and a dissection.

7.2.3. A successful pass in the entrance examination is a prerequisite requirement for the dissection.

7.2.4. The entrance exam shall be structured as follows:

7.2.4.1. Students who have scored more than 75% on average in the two midterms during the spring semester shall be exempted from the entrance examination and shall sit the dissection part only. This exemption shall remain valid for every practical exam of the semester (see §3.9.6.).

7.2.4.2. No separate NEPTUN registration is needed for the entrance exam, as it is a part of the Anatomy II. practical exam. NEPTUN registration for the corresponding practical exam is sufficient, and indeed is compulsory (§5.4.2.)!

7.2.4.3. Students who pass the entrance exam but fail the dissection part, must repeat the entrance exam during their next attempt.

7.2.4.4. The entrance exam is a pin-test carried out on two tables with 10 structures on each (twenty structures overall).

7.2.4.5. Students shall have 6 minutes for each table.

7.2.4.6. The first table shall cover bone specimens (skull included), and the second shall be about visceral organs (either in formalin or unfixed).

7.2.4.7. Students must identify SIX structures on EACH table to pass. (see §5.7)

7.2.4.8. Answer sheets are evaluated on the spot so that passing students are able to proceed with the dissection immediately.

7.2.5. Dissection examination

7.2.5.1. Passing the entrance exam is a prerequisite of the practical exam.

7.2.5.2. Students are to properly dissect and demonstrate a randomly given topic from the  topic list.

7.2.5.3. Practical exams are evaluated with “non-satisfactory / satisfactory / excellent” marks. Professors register the following criteria for the evaluation: quality of the dissection and the corresponding knowledge (insertions, origins, functions of muscles, supply regions of vessels, faces, edges, lobes, blood supplies to organs).

7.2.5.4. It is not permitted to make notes during the dissection exam.

7.2.5.5. Students have 40 minutes of preparation.

7.2.5.6. A successful examination pass remains valid for the entire academic career of the student.

 

8. Anatomy III. Final Exam information

8.1. Registration for every exam has to be arranged through the NEPTUN-system.

8.2. Anatomy final practical exam

8.3. The final exam has a practical and a theoretical part as well.

8.4. Anatomy final practical examination

8.4.1. Students are given a random dissection topic based on the topic list.

 8.4.2. Students have 40 minutes for the dissection. You are asked not to make notes.

8.4.3. Evaluation is based on both the quality of the dissection and the student’s related theoretical knowledge. The possible grades are “non-satisfactory / satisfactory / excellent”.

8.5. Anatomy final theoretical examination

 8.5.1. In all cases, the theoretical exam shall be conducted in accordance with the conditions for admission as described above.

8.5.2. The student shall sit a written entrance exam at the beginning of the theoretical final exam.

8.5.3. No special application is required for the entrance exam, as it is part of the final exam.

8.5.4. Students shall have 15 minutes to complete the entrance exam.

8.5.5. The entrance exam consists of 15 simple choice questions (A-D answers), with one correct answer per question.

8.5.5.1. Students should seek the best answer possible, i.e. if multiple answers appear to be sound, that answer which is most accurate shall be deemed the only correct answer.

For example:

Which bones participate in forming the carpus of the dog?

A: os carpi radiale, os carpi ulnare, os carpi intermedium, os carpi accessorium and CI-CIV bones
B: os carpi radiale, os carpi ulnare, os carpi intermedium, os carpi accessorium and CII-CIV bones
C: os carpi intermedioradiale, os carpi ulnare, os carpi accessorium
D: os carpi intermedioradiale, os carpi ulnare, os carpi accessorium and bones CI-CIV

“A” and “B” are false, because of the os carpi radiale. All of the bones listed in “C” are found in the dog’s carpus but there are a few missing; whilst “D” answers the question most precisely, so “D” is the only acceptable answer.

8.5.5.2: Further examples on entrance questions are available here.

8.5.6. Successful completion of the final exam requires 9 correct answers.

8.5.7. The entrance exam will be evaluated immediately. Those who fail will automatically fail the final exam, and students who pass shall then be able to pick topics randomly from the final topic list.

8.5.8. The entrance exam is valid only for a given exam. Students who pass the entrance exam but fail in the following oral part, will have to re-sit the entrance examination the next time they sit the theoretical exam.

8.5.9. Following the entrance exam, the theoretical exam is always an oral exam. The student draws 1 topic from each of the 6 topic lists (A-F).

8.5.9.1 Students who have a valid passing grade in the “Anatomy of domestic birds” elective, shall be exempted from examination on topic list “E”.

8.5.9.2 Students who have a valid passing grade in the “Development of organs” elective shall be exempted from examination on topic list “F”.

8.5.10. Minimum preparation time for the theoretical final examination is 40 minutes.

8.5.11. Students must achieve a grade of at least 2 on each of the topics in order to pass the exam.

9. Neptun related

9.1. Registering for exams is always through NEPTUN. (The Anatomy I. practical exam at the very last practical session of the first semester is an exception; participation is compulsory, so no registration is required.)

9.2. Registering individually for practical and theoretical exams is required in each case!

9.3. Please check the deadlines for registering for your exams at least one week before the scheduled exam date; the Department may for logistical reasons have to close the registration up to several working days before the exam.

9.4. At the end of the semester, any student who has received a “signature” for the subject in NEPTUN may sit examinations in that subject. Signature is based on sufficient practical attendance.

9.5. Whilst ever the day of an examination is certain, but the exact start time is as yet not known, the Department shall set the start time in NEPTUN to an unrealistic time (e.g.: 2 a.m.). The starting dates and times are usually determined based on the number of students at the end of the registration period.

9.6. If students registered for a written exam date cannot participate due to failure of the prerequisite practical exam, their registration shall be automatically cancelled by the Department (this will have no negative consequences for the student).

9.7. Exam date changes may be executed through NEPTUN as long as this system allows you to register (based on the application period (see section 9.3) and the available exam dates)

9.8. No special registration is required for the entrance examination of the practical exam (II. semester) or the entrance examination of the final exam (III. semester) (see §7.2.4.2 and §8.5.3 respectively), as these entrance exams are constituent parts of the relevant exams. The starting times of the examinations stated in NEPTUN denote the start of the entrance exam, unless the student is exempted (see §7.2.4.1).

9.9. Student record books must be brought by students to their final examinations (both practical and theory exams). Without this book, the examinations cannot be sat!

9.10. In all examinations of Anatomy I. and theoretical exams of Anatomy II., the grades shall be recorded in students’ black books by the Department at the end of the semester after they have been collected by the Students’ Secretariat.

 

 

 

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