Beschreibung der Veranstaltung
|Description, acquired knowledge||The subject Veterinary bacteriology includes knowledge of bacteriology relevant in veterinary medicine together with certain chapters of mycology. In the framework of the subject bacteriology the students learn general bacteriology, specific bacteriology and mycology with a special focus on pathogens of veterinary importance. In the practicals students have to acquire simple bacteriological laboratory techniques and identification procedures. Characteristics of the most important pathogenic bacteria are studied as well. Teaching is organised in the form of lectures, plenary practicals and small group laboratory practicals.|
After absolving the subject the students will be able to
· recognise the most important bacteria and fungi of veterinary and human relevance,
· carry out laboratory examinations in order to identify them,
· understand the role of bacteria and fungi in life, in pathology, physiology, nutrition and ecology,
· implement disinfection and sterilisation methods,
· understand the principles of antibacterial treatments,
· understand the pathological consequences of genetic changes of bacteria.
|Rules of the practicals||
· Wearing white coat at the practicals is compulsory.
· Overcoats and bags have to be left in the lockers in the changing room. They can be locked with locks of the students.
· Eating, drinking and smoking at the practicals is forbidden.
· Accidents at the practicals have to be reported to the teacher at the practicals.
|Teaching environment||Computer aided lectures are given in the Magyary-Kossa lecture theatre of the campus. The practicals are held in the 16-head practical room of the department, where individual microscopes and computerised summaries help the understanding. The basic laboratory examinations can be carried out by the students themselves and the complicated methods are demonstrated here as well. The demonstration material is prepared in the bacteriology laboratory of the department.|
|Teaching staff||Fodor, L. and Makrai, L. (lectures), Adorján, A., Makrai, L. and Tóth, G. (practicals)|
· Madigan, M.T., Martinko, J.M., Stahl, D.A., Clark, D.P.: Brock Biology of Microorganisms 13th ed. Pearson Education, SanFrancisco, CA, USA, 2012.
· Markey, B., Leonard, F., Archambault, M., Cullinane, A., Maguire, D.: Clinical Veterinary Microbiology. Mosby. 2013.
· McVey, D. S., M. Kennedy, M.M. Chengappa (Eds.): Veterinary Microbiology. Wiley-Blackwell. 2013
· Quinn, P.J., Markey, B. Leonard, F.C., Hartigan, P., Fanning, S., Fitzpatrick, E.S.: Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease. 2nd Ed. Blackwell. Oxford 2011
· Selbitz, H-J., Truyen, U., Valentin-Weigand, P.: Tiermedizinische Mikrobiologie, Infektions- und Seuchenlehre. Georg Thieme Verlag. 2013
· Downloadable documents: Power point presentations from the previous academic year are uploaded on the homepage of the department in order to support students in making own notes. At the end of the semester power point documents of the actual year will be uploaded.
Thematik der Vorlesungen
Topics of the lectures
|09.09.||2||Characterization of bacteria, their importance in life. Size and shape of bacteria. Structure of the bacterial cell (Bact01).*|
|16.09.||2||Staining of bacteria, Bacillus anthracis and aerobic spore-forming bacteria. Clostridium (Bact03).**|
|23.09.||2||Staphylococcus, Micrococcus, Streptococcus, Enterococcus, Lactococcus, Anaerobic cocci, Lactobacillus, Erysipelothrix, Listeria (Bact14).**|
|30.09.||2||Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Actinomyces, Trueperella, Actinobaculum, Dermatophilus, Streptomyces, Corynebacterium, Rhodococcus, Renibacterium (Bact05).**|
|07.10.||2||General characterisation of Enterobacteriaceae. Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter (Bact06).**|
|14.10.||2||Metabolism of bacteria, autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria. Carbohydrate metabolism of bacteria. Nitrogen metabolism of bacteria. Lipid metabolism, vitamin and additive demand, pigment production. Practical use of bacterial activity (Bact07).*|
|21.10.||2||Growth and multiplication of bacteria. Environmental effects on multiplication. Resistance of bacteria against physical effects (Bact08).*|
|28.10.||2||Genetics of bacteria. Examination of bacteria using molecular methods (Bact10).*|
|04.11.||2||Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Bibersteinia, Ornithobacterium, Riemerella, Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, Histophilus, Avibacterium, Taylorella. Identification of an unknown bacterium I (Bact12).*/**|
|11.11.||2||Brucella, Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, Aeromonas, Francisella, Bordetella, Moraxella. Identification of an unknown bacterium II (Bact13).**|
|18.11.||2||Vibrio, Campylobacter, Lawsonia, Helicobacter, Arcobacter, Spirochaetes. Bacteriological examination of pathological samples I (Bact14).*/**|
|25.11.||2||Mycoplasma, Rickettsia, Chlamydia. Bacteriological examination of pathological samples II (Bact15).**|
|09.12.||2||Pathogenicity and infection (Bact17).*|
Thematik der praktischen Unterrichtsstunden
|Groups 1-4||Groups 5-8||Topic|
Kotlán Sándor LH.
|Media, sterilization of media and utensils, bacterial cultures, anaerobic culture methods, pure cultures, microscopy, examination of native bacteria. (Bact02).*|
|Disinfection. Antibacterials. Examination of antibacterial resistance (Bact09).*|
Kotlán Sándor LH.
|Salmonella, Citrobacter, Shigella, Proteus, Providentia, Yersinia, Serratia, Edwardsiella, anaerobic Gram-negative rods. (Bact11).**|
*: General bacteriology
**: Specific bacteriology
Topics of practicals
|1.||16.09-20.09.||Media, sterilization, bacterial cultures, anaerobic culture methods, pure cultures, microscopy.|
|2.||23.09-27.09.||Bacillus anthracis and aerobic spore-forming bacteria. Clostridium.|
|3.||30.09-04.10.||Staphylococcus, Micrococcus, Streptococcus, Enterococcus, Lactococcus, Anaerobic cocci, Lactobacillus, Erysipelothrix, Listeria.|
|4.||07.10-11.10.||Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Actinomyces, Trueperella, Actinobaculum, Dermatophilus, Streptomyces, Corynebacterium, Rhodococcus, Renibacterium.|
|5.||14.10-18.10.||General characterisation of Enterobacteriaceae. Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter.|
|6.||04.11-08.11.||Salmonella, Citrobacter, Shigella, Proteus, Providentia, Yersinia, Serratia, Edwardsiella, anaerobic Gram-negative rods.|
|7.||11.11-15.11.||Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Bibersteinia, Ornithobacterium, Riemerella, Actinobacillus, Haemophilus, Histophilus, Avibacterium, Taylorella. Identification of an unknown bacterium I.|
|8.||18.11-22.11.||Brucella, Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, Aeromonas, Francisella, Bordetella, Moraxella. Identification of an unknown bacterium II.|
|9.||25.11-29.11.||Vibrio, Campylobacter, Lawsonia, Helicobacter, Arcobacter, Spirochaetes. Bacteriological examination of pathological samples I.|
|10.||02.12-06.12.||Mycoplasma, Rickettsia, Chlamydia. Bacteriological examination of pathological samples II.|
Beschreibung der Bewertung
|Evaluation||· Lectures serve as the basis of the subject, active participation at the lectures is precondition of a successful examination.
· Attending the practicals is compulsory, absence – including justified ones – should be retaken. Retake can happen on the same week by joining another group or attending the extra practical on the last week of the semester. Students can absolve the practical with another group if there are free seats available.
· Preparation to the practicals is controlled in the form of written or oral tests. Students without knowing the theoretical subject of the practical are regarded absent.
· Students can sit to the examination after attending all practicals and showing at least satisfactory level of knowledge (60%) during the semester.
Informationen zur Prüfung
|· Students can sit to an examination both after the autumn and spring semesters.
· Students can sign to the exams through the NEPTUN system.
· The maximum number of examinees is 14 per day including the English and the Hungarian class.
· The examination starts at 8.00 o’clock, the last report is at 9.00 o’clock.
· The students receive 3 questions, one on general and two on specific bacteriology.
· The final note is defined by the oral exam (75%) and the achievements during the practicals (25%).
· The examination is successful if at least satisfactory level of knowledge (Note 2) is shown in the case of each question.
· Evaluation of the exam: excellent (90-100%), good (80-89%), satisfactory (70-79%), pass (60-69%), fail (<60%).
· If a student has to go to the toilet during the exam, she/he will receive additional questions.
· No mobile phones or other technical apparats can be with the students at the exam not even in switched off position. Having such apparats at the exam will result interrupted exam and failing.
· Using illegal tools at the exam results disciplinary action and the exam is concluded with a ’fail’ mark.
· In case of partial exemption the document on it has to be presented.
· If more information is needed, please ask Assoc. Prof. László Makrai (email@example.com).