Default view
Education Courses Animal Nutrition I.

Animal Nutrition I.

Language
English
Nature
mandatory
Method of evaluation
semi-final examination
Year in the curriculum
3
Semester in the curriculum
1
Credits
3
Lectures
30
Practical lessons
30
Documents
Documents
Allow for
  • Vet EN

Course description

ANIMAL NUTRITION I.: TOPICS OF THE LECTURES AND PRACTICALS, RULES, EXAM INFORMATION

(2018.)

 

Duration of the semester: 10 September – 14 December, 2018 (14 weeks).

Place of the subject: 5th semester (3rd year).

Number of hours, lecture halls

Lectures: 2 hours/week (28 hours/semester), lecture hall: TORMAY.

Practicals: 2 hours/week (28 hours/semester), practice room of Obstetrics (building L, 1st floor).

LECTURERS:

Mr. Sándor György FEKETE, full professor
Mr. István HULLÁR, associate professor
Mr. József SZABÓ, full professor
Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI, senior research fellow
Mr. András BERSÉNYI, assistant professor
Ms. Nikoletta HETÉNYI DVM lecturer
Mrs. Orsolya KORBACSKA-KUTASI assistant professor

Mrs. Hedvig FÉBEL, invited private professor

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE

To prepare yourself for the exam first of all your own notes made on the lectures and practicals and handouts given by the lecturers are recommended.

Books:

FEKETE, S. Gy. (Ed.), 2008: Veterinary Nutrition and Dietetics. Fac. Vet. Sci.,Szent István Univ., Budapest.

KELLEMS, R. O., CHURCH, D. C.: Livestock Feeds and Feeding. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 5th Edition, 2002.

 

FURTHER INFORMATION

1. Attendance at lectures and practicals

1.1. Lectures

According to the decision of the Faculty Council (14 November, 2006) attendances at lectures are also obligatory.

The acceptable numbers of uncertified absences are maximum 3 per semester. With more than three (3) recorded absences your semester is NOT going to be accepted for that subject, thus it has to be re-taken during a later semester for an additional fee in order to sit for the exam.

Absences because of clinical practices or research activity connected to the diploma thesis are not treated as uncertified absences, but these must be verified on the official certificate by the teacher or the tutor.

 

1.2. Practicals

The Department registers the attendance at the beginning of each single practical by using the official group assignment provided by the Student’s Secretariat.

With more than 4 recorded absences your semester is NOT going to be accepted for that subject, thus it has to be re-taken during a later semester for an additional fee in order to sit for the exam.

One practical per semester can be missed without any consequence. In case of more absences, the student has to give an account of the subject of missed practical within 2 weeks at the lecturer of the topic. According to these no more than 4 missed practicals will be accepted from which accounts of 3 have to be given.

 

2. Group assignment

The Department uses the official group assignment provided by the Student’s Secretariat. You can attend the lab you are registered for only. Due to efficiency and size of the groups it is not possible to attend any additional lab (including labs of different courses/years).

A permanent change to assignment may be requested but has to be approved by both the Department and the Secretariat.

Upon preliminary request the student might be allowed to switch exceptionally to a group other than registered in. Such a request, however, must be sent to the effected tutor at the latest one working day before the practical, until 12 pm (noon). Such a request should affect ONE practical only and will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

3. Contact person:

Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor (Building J. 3rd floor, room 309; Phone: +361 478 4291 or from inside the University phone extension: 8643; e-mail: bersenyi.andras@univet.hu). Should you have questions feel free to contact him. You are kindly requested NOT to address the head-of-department or his secretary with teaching-related issues, unless you did not receive statisfactory answers to your inquiries by your contact person.

Lectures theme

Topics of the lectures and practicals

(In parentheses: numbers of exam questions on the subject.)

 

1. week (10-14 September)

Lecture: Introduction, chemical compounds of feeds (proximate analysis), fibre

fractions /NDF, ADF, ADL/ (I./1., 2.). Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

Practical: Definition and classification of feedstuffs, mineral and vitamin

supplements,manufactured feeds. (III./20., 22.). Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor

 

2. week (17-21 September)

Lecture: Energetic evaluation of feeds. (I./3., 4., 5.).

Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

Practical: Cereal grains (III./1., 2., 3.), and grain legumes (III./4.).

Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA assiciate professor

 

3. week (24-28 September)

Lecture: Generally about vitamins (II./7.), fat soluble vitamins (II./8., 9.)..

Mr. Sándor György FEKETE full professor

Practical: Hay and haymaking (III./17.), meadow hay, alfalfa hay (III./18.).

Ms. Nikoletta HETÉNYI DVM lecturer

 

4. week (1-5 October)

Lecture: Water soluble vitamins (II./10., 11., 12., 13.).

Mr. Sándor György FEKETE full professor

Practical: Pasture grasses, and harvested green forages (III./14.). Straws, roots and tubers (III./12.). Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior research fellow

 

5. week (8-12 October)

Lecture: Regulation of the feed intake (I./6.), nutrients’ digestibility (I./8.).

Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

Practical: The Fill Unit System (UE), Substitution Number (SN), Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) /(I./7.)/. Oilseed (solvent extracted) meals (III./5.).

Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor

13 October (Saturday): working day according to the Monday time-table instead of 22 October (Monday).

 

6. week (15-19 October)

Lecture: Protein evaluation systems: monogastric animals + ruminants (I./9., 10.).

Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior research fellow

Practical: Energetic evaluation of feeds. I. Monogastric animals (I./4.).. By-products of starch industry and fruit processing (III./9.) Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor 2

 

7. week (22-26 October)

Lecture: Relationship between feeding and reproduction (I./21.).

Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor

Practical: Energetic evaluation of feeds. II. Ruminants (I./5.). Distillery and brewery by-products (III./11.). Ms. Nikoletta HETÉNYI DVM lecturer

22 October (Monday): study holiday. /Instead of that 13 October (Saturday) was a working day./

23 October (Tuesday): study holyday (National Holiday).

 

8. week (29 October – 2 November)

Lecture: Homeostasis of minerals, control of mineral supply (II./1.). Earth alkali alkalinity, cation-anion balance of rations, clinical effects (II./2.). Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor

Practical: Feed sampling, feed microscopy (III./6.). Feedstuffs of animal origin /fish meal, milk products/. (III./13.). Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior research fellow

1 November (Thursday): study holyday (All Saints’ Day).

2 November (Friday): study holyday. /Instead of that 10 November (Saturday) will be a working day./

 

9. week (5-9 November)

Lecture: Macrominerals (II./3., 4.), microminerals (II./5., 6.).

Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor

Practical: Guidelines and rules for ration formulation. Ration formulation by computer (III./7.). Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor

10 November (Saturday): working day according to the Friday time-table instead of 2 November.

 

10. week (12-16 November)

Lecture: Growth promoters, pro- and prebiotics (I./18), nutriceuticals (I./19.). Ms. Nikoletta HETÉNYI DVM lecturer

Practical: Control of the mineral supply, calculation of the Cation-Anion Balance (II./1., 2.). Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor

 

11. week (19-23 November)

Lecture: Microflora and -fauna in rumen and in gut (I./11.). Interaction between the intestinal flora and feed: eubiosis, dysbiosis (I./12.). Microbiology and mycology of feedstuffs (I./13.). Mrs. Hedvig FÉBEL invited private professor

Practical: Protein evaluation of feeds. I. Monogastric animals (I./9.). Milling by-products of cereal grains (III./8.). Antioxidants, amino acid and enzyme supplements. (III./19.). Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

21 November (Wednesday): Conference of the Students’ Research Circle.

 

12. week (26-30 November)

Lecture: Immunological aspects of animal nutrition (I./20.).

Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor

Practical: Silage making (III./15.), maize silage (III.16.).

Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor

 

13. week (3-7 December)

Lecture: Animal nutrition and food safety (I./14.).

Ms. Nikoletta HETÉNYI DVM lecturer

Practical: Protein evaluation of feeds. II. Ruminants (I./10.). Use of NPN (Non Protein Nitrogen) supplementation (III./21.). Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor 3

 

14. week (10-14 December)

Lecture: Antinutritive substances in feeds, and antimetabolites (I.15.). Deterioration of feeds (rancidity), warranty and guarantees (I./16.). Microbial deterioration of feeds, mycotoxins (I./17.). Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor

Practical: Nutrients’ digestibility (I./8.). By-products of sugar industry (III./10.).

Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

Exam information

The “Animal Nutrition 1” exam

Exam period: 17-21 December, 2018, and 2 January – 1 February, 2019.

Prerequisites of the “Animal Nutrition 1” exam:

− handing in the nutritional summer report according to schedule;

− acceptation of the semester (lectures: absences above 3 are certified, practicals: accounts of the subjects of missed practicals above 1 were given).

 

Possible forms of the “Animal Nutrition 1” exam

 

Written exam (test)

There is only 1 written exam possibility (test) within the whole exam period. The date of that will be determined according to the agreement made with the students’ representative.

Registration for the written test from “Animal Nutrition 1”: according to the agreement made with the students’ representative the given date and the number of places will be set up, after that students can register themslves via NEPTUN.

 

The form of written test from “Animal Nutrition 1”: it is a simple choice test, which consists max. 80 questions. The net time for the test takes 60 minutes.

Scoring of the test is as follows. Mark %
excellent (5) 90-100
good (4) 80- 89
fair (3) 70- 79
passing (2) 60- 69
failure (1) 0- 59

 

Please note that every year new tests will be compiled, consequently knowing the questions of the previous test only does not guarantee the passing.

 

Oral exam

Those who

− do not want to do the exam in written form or

− cannot take part on the test or

− fail on the test, will get oral exam dates via NEPTUN.

Registration for the oral exam from “Animal Nutrition 1”: it can be done for the given exam dates via NEPTUN. Exam dates will be published throught the NEPTUN shortly after the beginning of each academic semester.

 

Each and every exam organized by the Department will may come with an individual deadline for registration in the NEPTUN, therefore we strongly recommend students to verify that deadline at least one week prior to the exam, since it is not possible to make any changes once the registration period has been closed.

The form of oral exam from “Animal Nutrition 1”: each student gets 1-1 question (i.e. altogether 3) from the following 3 question groups.

1) Fundamentals of animal nutrition.

2) Vitamins, minerals.

3) Feedstuffs.

 

The oral exam from feedstuffs involves the identification of feed as well. Feeds to be identified will be available in the Student Center one week before the onset of the exam period.

Questions of the oral exam from “Animal Nutrition 1” (at the same time topics for the written test as well) are as follows.

 

I. Fundamentals of animal nutrition

1. Chemical analysis of feeds. I. Proximate analysis.

2. Chemical analysis of feeds. II. Fibre fractions (NDF, ADF, ADL).

3. Energetic Evaluation of Feeds. I. Conception (GE, DE, ME, NEm, NEl, NEg, q-, k-, and i-values).

4. Energetic Evaluation of Feeds II. Monogastric animals (energy types, reasons of their use in different species).

5. Energetic Evaluation of Feeds. III. Ruminants (energy types, reasons of their use in different species).

6. Regulation of the feed intake, and the importance of its knowledge.

7. The Fill Unit System (UE), Substitution Number (SN), Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ), and the

importance of their knowledge.

8. Nutrients’ digestibility (definitions, methods for assessment).

9. Protein evaluation systems. I. Monogastric animals.

10. Protein evaluation systems. II. Ruminants (RDP, UDP, MP, MPN, MPE).

11. Microflora and -fauna in rumen and in gut.

12. Interaction between the intestinal flora and feed: eubiosis, dysbiosis.

13. Microbiology and mycology of feedstuffs.

14. Animal nutrition and food safety (HACCP, BSE, dioxin, etc.).

15. Antinutritive substances in feeds (classification, effects on animals), antimetabolites.

16. Deterioration of feeds (rancidity), warranty and guarantees.

17. Microbial deterioration of feeds, mycotoxins.

18. Growth promoters, pro- and prebiotics (groups, mode of action, tendency of their use in the future).

19. Nutriceuticals.

20. Immunological aspects of animal nutrition.

21. Relationships between feeding and reproduction.

 

II. Vitamins, minerals

1. Homeostasis of minerals, control of mineral supply.

2. Earth alkali alkalinity, cation-anion balance of rations (FAA, AA, dUA, CAB), clinical effects.

Macrominerals

3. Ca, P and Mg (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

4. S, Na, K and Cl (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

Microminerals

5. Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

6. F, I, Se, Co (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

7. Generally about vitamins (nutrition and diseases, recommendations, stability, role of rumen and gut flora,

exploration of deficiencies, newly developed functions).

Fat soluble vitamins

8. Vit. A, beta-carotene (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their

sources, control of supply).

9. Vit. D and E, K (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

10. Vit. K and (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

Water soluble vitamins

10. Vit. C, B1, and B2 (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

11. Vit. B6, and B12 (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

12. Niacin and pantothenic acid (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

13. Biotin, folic acid and cholin (biological functions, deficiency syndromes, requirements, their sources, control of supply).

 

III. Feedstuffs

1. Cereal grains (list, their approximate nutrient content).

2. Corn, wheat.

3. Barley, oats.

4. Grain legumes (list, their approximate nutrient content).

5. Oilseed (solvent extracted) meals (list, their approximate nutrient content).

6. Feed sampling, feed microscopy.

7. Guidelines and rules for ration formulation. Ration formulation by computer.

8. Milling by-products of cereal grains (wheat bran, wheat germ).

9. By-products of starch industry and fruit processing.

10. By-products of sugar industry.

11. Distillery and brewery by-products.

12. Straws, roots and tubers.

13. Feedstuffs of animal origin (fish meal, milk products).

14. Pasture grasses, and harvested green forages.

15. Silage making.

16. Maize silage (nutrient content, its use in animal nutrition).

17. Hay and haymaking.

18. Meadow hay, Alfalfa hay.

19. Antioxidants, amino acid and enzyme supplements.

20. Mineral and vitamin supplements.

21. Use of NPN (Non Protein Nitrogen) supplementation.

22. Manufactured feeds.

 

4.4. Preparation for the “Animal Nutrition 1” exam

There are no prescribed textbooks. Any exam in “Animal Nutrition 1” will be based on the information given during lectures, and practicals. For preparations first of all your own notes, and the handouts of lectures and practicals are recommended. For further reading see the books listed below.

 

RECOMMENDED LITERATURE

FEKETE, S. Gy. (Ed.), 2008: Veterinary Nutrition and Dietetics. Fac. Vet. Sci.,Szent István Univ., Budapest.

KELLEMS, R. O., CHURCH, D. C.: Livestock Feeds and Feeding. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 5th Edition, 2002.

4.5. Extra exam possibility for inactive students during the semester (out of the regular exam period)

Inactive students can get only one exam possibility during the semester (out of the exam period) even if they have more missing exams (e.g. “Animal Nutrition 1”, or “Calculation

Test”, or “Animal Nutrition 2”). The exams remained above that one can be done in the regular exam period only.

These students will be examined according to the actual question lists.

 

4.6. Extra exam possibilities for “older” active students

Those who are active but shold have passed the animal nutrition exam(s) earlier, are allowed to be examined from 1 December 2018 only (see the the exam rules of the university) according to the actual question lists.

 

4.7. Rules valid for the former German students

Those German students who have already passed the exam “Futtermittelkunde” will be exempted from studying the feeds again, which means that they

– will be exempted from those parts of the practicals which deal with feeds, consequently

– neither the test nor the oral exam made from “Animal Nutrition 1” consist the topic “feedstuffs”.

 

 

Budapest, 10 September, 2018

Dr. István HULLÁR

assoc. professor

head of Division for Animal Nutrition and Dietetics