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Method of evaluation
semi-final examination
Year in the curriculum
Semester in the curriculum
Practical lessons
veterinary (English)
Allow for
  • Vet EN

Course description

Responsible teacher (email): Dr. Cserhalmi Dániel ([Click to see email])
Teacher(s) take part in teaching: Dr. Péli Evelin ([Click to see email]), Kutszegi Gergely ([Click to see email])

Aim of the subject:

The aim of the subject is to introduce the Plant kingdom from a veterinarian point of view. During this, students can learn about the most important crop and poisonous plant species, their general morphology, cytology and histology, as well as their metabolic processes resulting nutrients and secondary metabolites for animals. The fundamental role of plant primary metabolic processes in the biosphere is discussed and compared to bacterial, fungal, and animal metabolism. Paying extra attention to the health hazards caused by micro or macrofungi, or agricultural chemicals, the importance of food chain safety in veterinary medicine is highlighted. The subject deals with grassland habitats also, as they are the main providers of animal forage.

Mandatory literature:

  • Lecture notes and slides

Recommended literature and seminars:

  1. Horváth, Zs. – Vetter, J.: Applied botany for Veterinary Students. SZIE AOTK, Budapest, 2003.
  2. Frohne, D. – Pfander, H.J.: Poisonous Plants. Manson Publishing Ltd London, UK 2005.

Lectures theme

1. (07.02) Introduction, importance, nomenclature, and the basics of plant morphology
2. (14.02) Morphology of vegetative and generative organs of plants
3. (21.02) Plant cytology
4. (28.02) Plant histology
5. (06.03) Primary metabolism: comparison of bacterial, plant, fungal, and animal lifestyle
6. (13.03.) Plant physiology: photosynthesis and ionic balance
7. (20.03) Plant secondary metabolites 1.
8. (27.03) Plant secondary metabolites 2.
9. (03.04) Plant taxonomy 1. (cryptogams and monocots)
10. (10.04) Spring break
11. (17.04) Plant taxonomy 2. (dicots)
12. (24.04) Grasslands of the world
13. (01.05) International Workers’ Day
14. (08.05) Microfungal health hazards: mycoses, mycotoxicoses
15. (15.05) Health hazards caused by macrofungi or agricultural chemicals

Practical lessons theme

1.  (03-07 Feb.) Cereals
2. (10-14 Feb.) Pulse crops – oil plants
3. (17-21 Feb.) Forage legumes – fleshy forages
4. (24-28 Feb.) Mid-term 1, Plans producing cardiac glycosides or HCN
5. (02-06 March) Plants promoting CNS symptoms
6. (9-13 March) Poisonous plants affecting the gastrointestinal tract, the respiratory system, more organ systems simultaneously or causing photosensitization
7. (16-20 March) Poisonous plants promoting cancer, producing oxalate crystals, accumulating nitrate ions, causing cytotoxicity, or affecting the clotting of blood
8. (23-28 March) Mid-term 2, Poisonous garden and indoor plants
9. (30 March – 3 April) Medicinal plants
10. (6-10 April) Spring break
11. (14-17 April) No seminars (Equus-days)
12. (20-24 April) Grassland plants
13. (27-30 April) Visiting the botanical garden “Füvészkert”
14. (4-8 May) Mid-term 3, Botanical hay analysis in a horse stable
15. (11-15 May) Botanical stomach content analysis, Retake week

Evaluation description

General information

(whole course)

Lectures: oral exam in the exam period
(2 topics for 300 points; 150 points each)Seminars: 3 mid-term (written) tests
(3 topics for 300 points)Based on the points of Seminars and the oral exam of Lectures, one final grade is given for BotanyMid-term tests:

  • on Seminar 4
  • on Seminar 8
  • on Seminar 14

Rejection level: 50% (for each test and for each topic of the oral exam)

Each test can be retaken once during the retake week

Each test must be passed to get the Seminars accepted (receive signature for the course) and get the possibility to take oral exam.

86% 517 – 600 5

76% 457 – 516 4

66% 397 – 456 3

51% 307 – 396 2

0 – 306 1

Exam information

Oral exam

Acceptance of the semester („signature”) is only possible if students passed all the 3 mid-terms test during the semesters above the rejection level (50%).

For further details ask for the seminat teachers and the notice board at the Department.

Exam topics from veterinary botany

“A” questions

  1. The importance of the botanical disciplines
  2. The morphology and main modifications of plant organs
  3. Specific organelles of the plant cell
  4. The main plant tissues (regarding to nutrition value and digestibility)
  5. The nutrient metabolism of plants; the effect of nutrient deficiency
  6. The most important pathways of primary metabolism: the role of plants, fungi and bacteria in the biosphere (their relationships with animals)
  7. Photosynthesis and respiration and their role in plant metabolism
  8. The role of secondary metabolites; major carbohydrate and phenoloid compounds
  9. The major groups of polyketides and terpenoids
  10. The major groups of azotoids
  11. Antinutritive compounds in forages (regarding to the biosynthetic pathways)
  12. Major flowerless, gymnosperm and monocot taxa (identification and importance)
  13. Major dicot taxa (identification and importance)
  14. Grassland formation and their distribution on Earth and in Europe (regarding to the major grassland types)
  15. Human and animal health hazards caused by microfungi: mycoses, mycotoxicoses
  16. Mycetism: mushroom poisonings in humans
  17. Toxins of anthropogenic origin in the biosphere: effects, mechanism of action, consideration of food safety from soil microbes to humans

“B” questions

  1. The importance of cereals in animal nutrition
  2. The importance of pulse crops and oil plants in animal nutrition
  3. The importance of forage legumes and fleshy forages in animal nutrition
  4. Poisonings related to cyanogenic and cardiac glycosides (mechanism of action, effects, symptoms)
  5. Poisoning of the CNS (mechanism of action, effects, symptoms)
  6. Poisoning of the digestive tract, the liver and photosensitization (mechanism of action, effects, symptoms)
  7. Plant with complex effects, oxalate and nitrate poisoning (mechanism of action, effects, symptoms)
  8. Carcinogenic and cytotoxic plants and species affect abnormal blood clotting (mechanism of action, effects, symptoms)
  9. The importance of medicinal plants in veterinary medicine (benefits, fields of application, limitations)
  10. The importance of grazing and hay in animal nutrition respectively the veterinarian aspects
  11. Botanical hay and rumen content analysis