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Animal Hygiene is the branch of the veterinary science, which relying on the knowledge of physiological and ethological demands of animals, describes the preconditions of health preservation and investigates the pathophysiological changes brought about by adverse environmental effects in order to gain information on the aetiology and pathomechanism of multifactorial diseases. On this basis, animal hygiene systematise the preventive veterinary measures with special reference to their economic consequences. Animal hygiene deals primarily with herds and health protection of the herds, therefore the subject is more or less equivalent to the subject „herd health ” taught in number of the veterinary colleges of the western hemisphere.
Animal hygiene is an interdisciplinary science that lays bridge over animal husbandry and veterinary medicine. Its curriculum involves the management and nutrition technologies of farm animals. The discipline also describes the multilateral effects of housing and nutrition on the health, on the inherited behavioural characteristics of farm and companion animals, on economy of their production and on the rural environment. Based on these knowledge veterinary undergraduates will be trained to become able for critical analysis of housing systems and nutritional regimes, for understanding the aetiology of management related diseases prevailing at herd level, for the application of methods of herd health management in order to prevent and control of multifactorial diseases of high economic consequences.
Beyond teaching theoretical and practical knowledge of the discipline we endeavour to implement three goals. First of all we try to form an approach by which the veterinary practitioner becomes able to analyse the production decline, abnormal behaviour and animal diseases in their complex interactions with the environment. We also intend to prepare our undergraduates for the analysis of the economic consequences of their preventive and curative measures. And last but not least in harmony with other disciplines we regard important to teach our students to esteem and acknowledge the work of experts of other branch of agricultural science.
Theoretical and practical knowledge of animal hygiene is based on animal physiology, husbandry, nutrition, microbiology and immunology. At the same time it contributes to the better understanding of epizootology, state veterinary medicine and food inspection.
Practical lessons theme
The attendance of the farm visit in the 8th or 9th semester is compulsory
Safety instructions for farm visits to be found among the downloadable documents.
Theoretical lectures in Animal Hygiene (Veterinary Preventive Medicine) and Herd-Health I.
(Spring, 8th semester, from 8th Febr. 2021. to 21th May 2021.)
(Neptun code: ATEAH002EON)
11th February, Dr. Könyves László
Introduction of the subject „Animal Hygiene and Herd Health”.
Dairy cattle farm visit. General aspects, preparation and execution. Visual herd diagnostic (scoring) methods. Examination of the feeds and ration. Evaluation of the housing and the management.
18th February Dr. Kovács Péter
Epidemiological aspects of establishing and operating animal production units. Bio-security measures.
Animal hygienic principles of construction and reconstruction of stables. Physical properties of building materials. Demands for walls, roof, windows and floor. Canalization of stables
25th February Dr. Kovács Péter
Disinfection of stables and animal premises. Definitions. Factors affecting efficiency of disinfection. Physical and chemical methods of disinfection. Practical disinfection of stables, hatcheries, persons, vehicles, watering systems, water resources. Disinfection of milking operation units. Checking the efficiency of disinfection.
4th March Dr. Kovács Péter
Environmental effects of animal farming. Sustainability of livestock production, environmental impacts of emissions. Categories, disposal and processing of animal wastes.
11th March Dr. Könyves László
Management related (sin. multifactorial) diseases of farm animals. Definitions: multifactorial diseases; germ load; facultative pathogens. Defence mechanisms. Interactions between housing-management factors and germ load. Interactions between housing-management factors and the defence mechanisms. Principles of control of the management related diseases.
18th March Dr. Könyves László
Feed hygiene I. Hygiene of the drinking water.
Rules and good execution practice of collecting feed and water samples for analysis.
25th March Dr. Könyves László
Feed hygiene II. Animal hygieneic aspects of the chemical decomposition of feed components. The oxidative stress. Biogen amines. Preventive measures
Microbial contamination of feeds. Classification of feed flora, Environmental conditions of microbial gradation. Consequences of feed spoilage and preventive measures.
Rectoral Holidays: 29th March – 5th April
8th April Dr. Brydl Endre
Feed hygiene III. Mycotoxins. General characteristics of mycotoxins. Classification of moulds. Field fungi. Fusarium toxins. Zearalenone. Trychothecenes. Fumonisins. Satratoxins.
15th April Dr. Brydl Endre
Feed hygiene IV. Store-house moulds. Aflatoxins, Ochratoxins, Patulin, Citrinin,
Mycotoxin contamination of feed commodities. Relevant regulations. Defence against mycotoxin contamination.
22nd April Hejel Péter.
The effect of microclimatic conditions on the production and health of the farm animals. Energy metabolism of the organism. Thermal balance of animals. Heat exchange between organism and environment. Thermoregulation of the animals. Effect of environmental factors on energy metabolism of farm animals. Adaptation to climatic conditions
The effect of heat stress on the health and performance of farm animals. Quantification of heat stress.
29th April Hejel Péter
Effects of aerial pollutions on production and health of farm animals. Gaseous contaminants of the stable air. Biological aerosols. Measurement methods of airborne pollutants.
6th May. Hejel Péter
Climatization of stables. Ventilation of stables. Heat supply to stables.
Measurement of the climatic surrounding. Interpretation and measurement of the physical elements of the microclimatic conditions. Technical equipments of the climatic measurements. Data processing.
13rd May Hejel Péter
Precision livestock farming (PLF), as a new tool of the modern animal husbandry and herd-health management. Benefits and practical use of the automated, real time monitoring systems.
20th May Dr. Pribenszky Csaba
Interactions between animal and its surrounding. Research and latest results in stress concept.
Budapest, 5th February 2021.
Dr. habil Könyves László PhD
assoc. professor, head of the department
Oral exam after the end of 9th semester