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Animal Hygiene is the branch of the veterinary science, which relying on the knowledge of physiological and ethological demands of animals, describes the preconditions of health preservation and investigates the pathophysiological changes brought about by adverse environmental effects in order to gain information on the aetiology and pathomechanism of multifactorial diseases. On this basis, animal hygiene systematise the preventive veterinary measures with special reference to their economic consequences. Animal hygiene deals primarily with herds and health protection of the herds, therefore the subject is more or less equivalent to the subject „herd health ” taught in number of the veterinary colleges of the western hemisphere.
Animal hygiene is an interdisciplinary science that lays bridge over animal husbandry and veterinary medicine. Its curriculum involves the management and nutrition technologies of farm animals. The discipline also describes the multilateral effects of housing and nutrition on the health, on the inherited behavioural characteristics of farm and companion animals, on economy of their production and on the rural environment. Based on these knowledge veterinary undergraduates will be trained to become able for critical analysis of housing systems and nutritional regimes, for understanding the aetiology of management related diseases prevailing at herd level, for the application of methods of herd health management in order to prevent and control of multifactorial diseases of high economic consequences.
Beyond teaching theoretical and practical knowledge of the discipline we endeavour to implement three goals. First of all we try to form an approach by which the veterinary practitioner becomes able to analyse the production decline, abnormal behaviour and animal diseases in their complex interactions with the environment. We also intend to prepare our undergraduates for the analysis of the economic consequences of their preventive and curative measures. And last but not least in harmony with other disciplines we regard important to teach our students to esteem and acknowledge the work of experts of other branch of agricultural science.
Theoretical and practical knowledge of animal hygiene is based on animal physiology, husbandry, nutrition, microbiology and immunology. At the same time it contributes to the better understanding of epizootology, state veterinary medicine and food inspection.
Theoretical lectures in Animal Hygiene (Veterinary Preventive Medicine) and Herd-Health I.
(Spring, 8th semester, from 4th Febr. 2019. to 17th May 2019.)
(Neptun code: SAOAH04EN)
7th February, Dr. Könyves László
Introduction of the subject „Animal Hygiene and Herd Health”.
Dairy farm visit. General aspects, preparation and execution. Visual herd diagnostic (scoring) methods. Examination of the feeds and ration. Evaluation of the housing and the management.
14th February Dr. Kovács Péter
Epidemiological aspects of establishing and operating animal production units. Bio-security measures.
Animal hygienic principles of construction and reconstruction of stables. Physical properties of building materials. Demands for walls, roof, windows and floor. Canalization of stables
21st February Dr. Kovács Péter
Disinfection of stables and animal premises. Definitions. Factors affecting efficiency of disinfection. Physical and chemical methods of disinfection. Practical disinfection of stables, hatcheries, persons, vehicles, watering systems, water resources. Disinfection of milking operation units. Checking the efficiency of disinfection.
28th February Dr. Kovács Péter
Environmental effects of animal farming. Sustainability of livestock production, environmental impacts of emissions. Categories, disposal and processing of animal wastes.
7th March Dr. Brydl Endre
Feed hygiene I. Mycotoxins. General characteristics of mycotoxins. Classification of moulds. Field fungi. Fusarium toxins. Zearalenone. Trychothecenes. Fumonisins. Satratoxins.
14th March Dr. Brydl Endre
Feed hygiene II. Store-house moulds. Aflatoxins, Ochratoxins, Patulin, Citrinin,
Mycotoxin contamination of feed commodities. Relevant regulations. Defence against mycotoxin contamination.
21nd March Dr. Könyves László
Feed hygiene III. Hygiene of the drinking water.
Rules and good execution practice of collecting feed and water samples for analysis.
28th March Dr. Könyves László
Feed hygiene IV. Animal hygieneic aspects of the chemical decomposition of feed components. The oxidative stress. Biogen amines. Preventive measures
Microbial contamination of feeds. Classification of feed flora, Environmental conditions of microbial gradation. Consequences of feed spoilage and preventive measures.
4th April Dr. Könyves László
Management related (sin. multifactorial) diseases of farm animals. Definitions: multifactorial diseases; germ load; facultative pathogens. Defence mechanisms. Interactions between housing-management factors and germ load. Interactions between housing-management factors and the defence mechanisms. Principles of control of the management related diseases.
11th April Hejel Péter.
The effect of microclimatic conditions on the production and health of the farm animals. Energy metabolism of the organism. Thermal balance of animals. Heat exchange between organism and environment. Thermoregulation of the animals. Effect of environmental factors on energy metabolism of farm animals. Adaptation to climatic conditions
The effect of heat stress on the health and performance of farm animals. Quantification of heat stress.
Rectoral Holidays: 15th-23rd April
25th April Hejel Péter
Effects of aerial pollutions on production and health of farm animals. Gaseous contaminants of the stable air. Biological aerosols. Measurement methods of airborne pollutants.
2nd May. Hejel Péter
Climatization of stables. Ventilation of stables. Heat supply to stables.
Measurement of the climatic surrounding. Interpretation and measurement of the physical elements of the microclimatic conditions. Technical equipments of the climatic measurements. Data processing.
9th May Hejel Péter
Precision livestock farming (PLF), as a new tool of the modern animal husbandry and herd-health management. Benefits and practical use of the automated, real time monitoring systems.
16th May Dr. Pribenszky Csaba
Interactions between animal and its surrounding. Research and latest results in stress concept.
Budapest, 24th January 2019.
Dr. habil Könyves László PhD
assoc. professor, head of the department
Practical lessons theme
The attendance of the farm visit in the 8th semester is compulsory according to the official schedule.
Safety instructions for farm visits to be found among the downloadable documents.
Three level evaluation (“Excellent”; “Accepted” or “Not Accepted”) on the basis of the activity and preparedness of the students on farmvisits.
Oral exam after the end of 9th semester