Default view
Education Courses Animal Hygiene and Herd Health 2.

Animal Hygiene and Herd Health 2.

Language
English
Nature
mandatory
Method of evaluation
final exam
Year in the curriculum
5
Semester in the curriculum
1
Credits
4
Lectures
45
Practical lessons
3
Documents
Documents
Allow for
  • Vet HU
  • Vet EN

Course description

Animal Hygiene is the branch of the veterinary science, which relying on knowledge of physiological and ethological demands of animals, describes the preconditions of health preservation and investigates the pathophysiological changes brought about by adverse environmental effects in order to gain information on the aetiology and pathomechanism of multifactorial diseases. On this basis, animal hygiene systematise the preventive veterinary measures with special reference to their economic consequences. Animal hygiene deals primarily with herds and health protection of the herds, therefore the subject is more or less equivalent to the subject „herd health ” taught in number of the veterinary colleges of the western hemisphere.

Animal hygiene is an interdisciplinary science that lay bridge over animal husbandry and veterinary medicine. Its curriculum involves the management and nutrition technologies of farm animals. The discipline also describes the multilateral effects of housing and nutrition on the health, on the inherited behavioural characteristics of farm and companion animals, on economy of their production and on the rural environment. Based on these knowledge vet­erinary undergraduates will be trained to become able for critical analysis of housing systems and nutritional regimes, for understanding the aetiology of management related diseases prevailing at herd level, for the application of methods of herd health management in order to prevent and control of multi­factorial diseases of high economic consequences.

Beyond teaching theoretical and practical knowledge of the discipline we endeavour to implement three goals. First of all we try to form an approach by which the veterinary practitioner becomes able to analyse the production decline, abnormal behaviour and animal diseases in their complex interactions with the environment. We also intend to prepare our undergraduates for the analysis of the economic consequences of their preventive and curative meas­ures. And last but not least in harmony with other disciplines we regard important to teach our students to esteem and acknowledge the work of experts of other branch of agricultural science.

Theoretical and practical knowledge of animal hygiene is based on animal physiology, husbandry, nutrition, microbiology and immunology. At the same time it contributes to the better understanding of epizootology, state vet­erinary medicine and food inspection.

Lectures theme

 

Theoretical lectures and progress diary of Animal Hygiene (Veterinary Preventive Medicine) and Herd-Health, Autumn,

9th semester, from 13rdSept. 2021. to 17th Dec. 2021.

 

 

 

  1. Structure and characteristics of the dairy cattle sector, major national and international trends. The main elements of a herd-health based production orientation program in dairy farms. Structure of dairy management. Strategy of the herd-health based production orientation program: draft (protocol).
  2. Hygiene of dairy farms. Housing technologies (tie-stall and free-stall housing). The effect of housing factors on the performance and health of dairy cattle herds. Examples of novel options, methods, and tools for herd-health monitoring and management work.
  1. Computerized herd-management systems, tools for risk assessment and analysis, Herd- diagnostic tools and methods in practice.

16th September  (3) Dr. Péter Hejel

 

  1. Mastitis as herd disease (importance, definitions, types) Diagnostical tools and treatment.
  2. Factors affecting the development of mastitis. Mastitis pathogen microorganisms.
  3. Control of mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd. Hygienic milk sampling methods. Evaluation ofmicrobiological and antibiogram results.

23rd September  (3)Dr. Péter Kovács

 

  1. Herd-health management of the metabolic disorders of dairy cows I.
  1. Herd-health management of the metabolic disorders of dairy cows II.
  2. Metabolic profile tests (relevance, execution and and the possibility of their use in the veterinary herd-health practice).

30th September  (3) Dr. László Könyves

 

  1. Monitoring of reproductive performance of dairy herds. Reproduction management of dairy cattle. Risk factors affecting reproduction. Management tools and activities for improvement of fertility.
  2. Animal hygienic aspects of beef production. Important breeds. General aspects of management.  Forms of fattening. Main management related (multifactorial) diseases in beef herds. Risk factors and preventive measures.
  3. Monitoring of reproductive performance of beef herds. Reproduction management of beef cattle. Health management of mating bulls.

7th October (3) Dr. László Könyves

 

  1. Animal hygienic and herd health aspects of raising calves. Influental factors on calves’ health and performance. Importance and control of colostrum supply. Housing technologies and nutrition management of calves.
  2. Management related, bacteriological, viral and parasitological diseases of calves. Methods of control.
  1. Animal hygieneic aspects of goat production. General aspects of management. Important breeds. Keeping technologies. Herd health and reproduction management of dairy goats.

14th October (3) Dr. Barbara Vass-Bognár

 

  1. Animal hygienic aspects of sheep production. Production branches. Breeding management. Management of the pregnant ewes.
  2. Management of the broiler lamb production. (Housing and climatic requirements. Management related, bacteriological, viral and parasitological diseases of broiler lambs. Methods of control.)
  3. Practical auditing of welfare in livestock production (primary producers, transport, slaughter)

21st October (3) Dr. Viktor Jurkovich

 

  1. Diseases of the bovine digit. Functional hoof trimming.
  1. Monitoring and preventive measures of hoof disorders.
  2. Herd health management of table rabbit production. (Breeds. Breeding management. Housing.) Management and nutrition related multifactorial diseases of rabbit and its’ prevention.

       28th October (3) Dr. János Lehoczky (2), Dr. Zoltán Német (1)

 

 

  1. Introduction to industrial poultry hygiene and herd health. Importance of poultry meat production.
  2. Animal hygiene aspects of specific and non-specific control of poultry diseases. Biosecurity system at the poultry farms. Specific control of poultry diseases – vaccination (vaccination methodologies, vaccination protocols for poultry species).
  3. Poultry hatching management and hygiene

4th November (3) Dr. László Kovács

 

 

  1. Domestic hen Breeder flocks: rearing, preparation for production, male and female lines, management of hens and roosters, light program, body weight control, hatch egg treatment.
  2. Hygiene of Layer Flocks: pullet rearing and keeping, production datas, Light and feeding program, Beak treatment, Problem around laying eggs The collection and grading of table egg, Egg production curve
  3. Hygiene of Broiler Flocks: hibrids, chick quality and broiler performance, Provision of Feed and water, Broiler Nutrition and Feeding, Controll for uniformity, body weight and performance, catching procedures,

11th November (3) Dr. Márta Bóna

 

 

  1. Hygiene of Turkey flocks: Breeder and commercial turkeys, brooding, rearing, fattening, Light program and feeding,
  2. Hygiene and husbandry of Goose flocks: Breeds and hybrids, Technologies of goose production (meat, liver and feather production), Breeding technologies, Feed and nutrition,
  3. Hygiene and husbandry of Duck flocks: Breeds and hybrids, Housing, Rearing, Feeding, The technology of roast duck production, meat, liver, feather and egg production ability of duck.

18th November (3) Dr. Márta Bóna

 

 

 

  1. Animal hygiene and herd health aspects of poultry diseases I.
  2. Animal hygiene and herd health aspects of poultry diseases II.
  3. Animal hygiene aspects of antimicrobial management at industrial poultry farms

25th November (3) Dr. László Kovács

 

  1. Significance of pig industry in agriculture, management and organisation of pig production (breeds, pure breeding, hybridisation programs, breeding pyramid, breeding organisations, hybrids)
  2. Management and housing technologies in pig production (mono-, bi- and three-phase housing systems, flowchart of operation, farrowing systems, housing of weaned pigs, fattening systems, housing of the sow)
  3. Herd health management of reproduction of the sow (monitoring of the reproductive performance, environmental factors affecting litter size and number of non-productive days)

2nd December. (3) Dr. Eszter Losonczi

 

  1. The periparturient diseases of the sow, postpartum dysgalactia syndrome (PDS), leg disorders, culling strategies
  2. Herd health management from farrowing till weaning (perinatal losses, pre-weaning mortality; risk factors, prevention)
  3. Herd health programme from weaning till the end of the post-weaning period (factors affecting weight gain after weaning, bacterial and viral diseases around weaning, prevention of peri-weaning enteral diseases)

9th December. (3) Dr. Eszter Losonczi

 

  1. Herd health management of the fattening pig. Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) and other common diseases of the fattening pig. Management practices to reduce expensive feed wastage.
  2. Herd health control of the porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC) (basic principles, diagnosis at herd level, control measures).
  3. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for the swine industry (advances in health control, components of the planned animal health and production program, check lists). Pathomorphological data collection in slaughterhouse, data analysis and reporting.

16th December (3) Dr. Eszter Losonczi

Practical lessons theme

The attendance of the farm visit in either the 8th or the 9th semester is compulsory according to the official schedule.

Safety instructions for farm visits to be found among the downloadable documents.

 

Evaluation description

The course concludes with an oral examination at the end of the 9th semester. Students should answer 2 questions. (See Exam topics at the section “Exam information”.) The first is from basic animal hygiene, the second one relates to herd-health programmes or animal hygienic aspects of keeping food producing animals. Please observe: if the question somehow might be related to your studies in “Applied ethology” the examiner has the right to scrutinise your knowledge in that field of science as well. Putting questions concerning the farm visit is also at the discretion of the examiner.

The exam is scored on a 1 to 5 scale for each question. If the student fails to give adequate answer to either of the two questions the result is failure irrespective to the quality of the response to the other question. In any other case the final score of the exam is the (approximate) arithmetic average of the two scores. The official rules of the evaluation regulated by the TVSZ 28§.

 

Exam information

Preparation for the exam, exam topics and questions, recommended literature, exam informations:

Knowledge were presented during the theoretical lectures is required and examined.

 

 

 

Recommended literature

BRAND A. – NORDUIZEN J.P.T.M. – SCHUKKEN Y.H.: Herd Health and Production Management in Dairy Practice. Wageningen: Wageningen Pers, 1996.

RADOSTITS O.M.: Herd Health Food Animal Production Medicine. W.B. Saunders Company, 2001.

EKESBO, I. 2011. Farm animal behaviour, CABI, Wallingford, UK, ISBN: 9781845937706Jensen, P. 2009. The ethology of domestic animals, CABI, Wallingford, UK, ISBN: 9781845935368

ALAND, A. –  BANHAZI, T. (ed.) Livestock housing. Modern management to ensure optimal health and welfare of farm animals ISBN: 978-90-8686-217-7

 

 

The course concludes with an oral examination at the end of the 9th semester. Students should answer 2 questions. (See Exam topics at the section “Exam information”.) The first is from basic animal hygiene, the second one relates to herd-health programmes or animal hygienic aspects of keeping food producing animals. Please observe: if the question somehow might be related to your studies in “Applied ethology” the examiner has the right to scrutinise your knowledge in that field of science as well. Putting questions concerning the farm visit is also at the discretion of the examiner.

The exam is scored on a 1 to 5 scale for each question. If the student fails to give adequate answer to either of the two questions the result is failure irrespective to the quality of the response to the other question. In any other case the final score of the exam is the (approximate) arithmetic average of the two scores. The official rules of the evaluation regulated by the TVSZ 28§.

 

Online Oral exam MS TEAMS

 

Questions from basic Animal Hygiene 2020

 

  1. Epidemiological aspects of establishing and operating animal production units: Aspects of site selection. Isolation. Demands for public, vehicle and animal transport to and from animal production units. Hygiene of operation.
  2. Animal hygienic principles of construction and reconstruction of stables: Epidemiological aspects of establishing animal production units. Physical properties of building materials. Demands for walls, roof, window, and floor.
  3. Definitions and methods of disinfection: Mode of action. Biological and technological factors that influence the efficiency of disinfection. General demands for disinfectants.
  4. Disinfecting stables and premises: Disinfection of stables, stable equipment, water pipelines and waterers, wells, and other water resources. Monitoring the efficiency of disinfection.)
  5. Physical, and biological methods of sterilization and disinfection
  6. Chemical methods of sterilization and disinfection: Alcohol, Chloride and chlorine-based compounds, Iodine based compounds, Aldehydes, Peroxide based compounds, Surfactants (tensids), Acids and alkalis, Miscellaneous. Gaseous disinfectants.
  7. Environmental effects of animal farming: Effects of animal production on the nature and society. Environmental impacts of emissions. Reduction of harmful emissions.
  8. Categorization, disposal, and processing of animal wastes

 

  1. Ventillation (air exchange) systems of stables. Ventilation of stables, various methods of air exchange, also used in Hungary, and their critical evaluation.
  2. Impact of air pollution on farm animal’s production and health. The aerosols in barn air. Methods of measurement of aerosol particles. Microbiological control of air quality (measurement of bio-aerosols).
  3. Impact of air pollution on farm animal’s production and health. Methods for measurement of gaseuous pollutants in indoor air.
  4. Investigation of barn microclimate. Instruments and processing of measurement, evaluating results. Interpretation of the physical factors of the barn climate.
  5. The effects of climatic conditions on production and health of farm animals. Thermoregulation of farm animals (heat production, heat loss and thermal balance).
  6. The influence of the heat stress on the farm animals, the quantification of the heat stress
  7. Effects of animal production on the nature and society. Environmental impacts of emissions. Reduction of harmful emissions
  8. Classification of animal wastes/by-products. Definition of wastes/by–products. Category 1 materials including SRM. Category 2 and 3 materials. Principles of disposal and treatment of Category 1, 2 and 3 waste materials.
  9. Chemical decomposition of feeds. The oxidative stress. Biogen amines. Preventive measures.
  10. Microbial contamination of feeds. (Classification of feed flora. Environmental condition of microbial gradation. Consequences of feed spoilage.)
  11. General characteristics and classification of mycotoxins. Storehouse and field moulds. Fusarium toxins. General characterisation of Zearalenons.
  12. Effects of Fusarium toxins on livestock and poultry: Zearalenone.
  13. Effects of Fusarium toxins on livestock and poultry: Trychothecenes
  14. Effects of Fusarium toxins on livestock and poultry: Fumonisins.
  15. Store house mycotoxins. Aflatoxins
  16. Store house mycotoxins. Ochratoxines ,Patulin, Penicillin-acid, citrinin.
  17. Mycotoxin contamination of cereals. Regulations
  18. Opportunities of prevention of mycotoxin related health/production problems (Prevention of infection in the vegetation period. Disinfection/decontamination prior to storing. Decrease of harmful effects /feed additives/)
  19. Examination of the microbiological-hygienic status of feeds. (Indicator micro-organisms. Pathogens in the feeds.)
  20. Hygiene of the drinking water. Physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of the drinking water. Examples of the effect of water hygiene on the production and health of the farm animals
  21. Rules and aspects of sampling water resources and feeds.
  22. Stress in general, its physiology 
  23. Stress effects in animal welfare, health status and production in farm animals. The diagnosis and management of stress
  24. Management related diseases of farm animals I. The role of the facultative pathogens in the diseases.The concept of germ load. Interactions between housing and management factors and the germ load.
  25. Management related diseases of farm animals II. The role of the non specific deffence mechanisms in multifactorial disease resistance. Effects of environmental factors on the defense mechanisms.
  26. Precision livestock farming (PLF) and its applicability in herd health management.

 

                                      Questions from ruminant herd health    

  1. General characterisation of dairy industry. Main trends in dairy farming. Herd-health management of dairy cattle. General aspects.
  2. The aim and principles and protocol of cattle herd-health production-orienting programme in dairy farms.
  3. Importance of metabolic profile tests, execution and the possibility of their use in the veterinary herd-health practice.
  4. Sampling protocol of metabolic profile test.
  5. Relevant metabolic parameters of dairy cows, and interpretation of the normal or pathological range of their values.
  6. Development and incidence rate of energy imbalance and disturbances of acid-base metabolism. Preventive measures.
  7. Development and incidence of protein, mineral and vitamin metabolism disturbances. Preventive measures.
  8. Farm visit. General aspects and execution of farm visit.
  9. Body condition scoring. Faeces scoring. Relationships between the consistence of faeces and nutrients supply. Examination of the ration. (Cattle)
  10. General aspects of animal hygiene on dairy farms. Description of the most important housing technology systems. Examples of the effects of husbandry factors on the performance and health of dairy cattle.
  11. Describe the most important aspects that must be taken into account when calculating the barn capacity (resting area, access to feed and drinking water, number of head-lockers and cubicles, etc.), especially with regard to the specific needs of the transition period.
  12. Please describe the most common milking systems and milking parlor layout types, then characterize them in terms of animal- and production organization.
  13. Please name and describe the most important special purpose livestock buildings in a typical dairy farm, from the point of view of animal health management. Please describe the most important criteria for the design / construction of the close-up barn, the calving and maternity area and the freshcow’s barn!
  14. Please describe the negative impact of overcrowding in dairy barns and describe some technological solutions and management interventions that can effectively prevent it!
  15. Please name and describe the most common herd-health monitoring tools and methods on dairy farms!
  16. Animal hygienic and herd health aspect of raising calves I. Preset/production targets. Influential factors of calves’ health and performance (Breeding management, Pregnant cow/heifer and calving management, Nursing of calves)
  17. Colostrum supply and management of calves. Control of maternal immunity of calves.
  18. Keeping technologies and nutrition of calves and growing cattle.
  19. Common bacteriological, viral and parasitic diseases of calves. Risk factors, control and prevention of the diseases.
  20. Bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) of calves and growing cattle. Pathogens, clinical forms, risk factors, control and prevention of the diseases.
  21. Animal hygienic aspects of beef cattle production. (Trends in beef production, Breeds, general aspects of management, housing/keeping technologies, forms of fattening)
  22. Main management related (sin. multifactorial) diseases of beef herds (suckler herds and beef feedlot herds). Risk factors, production and disease monitoring parameters, prevention
  23. Monitoring and management of the reproduction in beef herds. Factors influencing reproduction of cows Management tools for the improvement of reproductive performance. The mating bull management.
  24. Monitoring and management of the reproduction in dairy cattle herds. Factors influencing reproduction of cows. Management tools for the improvement of reproductive performance.
  25. Diseases of the bovine digit. Functional hoof trimming.
  26. Monitoring and preventive measures of hoof disorders in cattle.
  27. Definition, importance, and forms of mastitis. The clinical and subclinical mastitis
  28. Mastitis: Diagnostic opportunities. Treatment of mastitis.
  29. Factors affecting the development of mastitis. Predisposing factors. Alignment of mastitis pathogen microorganisms.
  30. Contagious mastitis pathogens. Control of contagious mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd.
  31. Environmental mastitis pathogens. Control of environmental mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd.
  32. In-between mastitis pathogens. Control of in-between mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd.
  33. Evaluation of microbiological and antibiogram results. Herd specific mastitis control programs.
  34. Herd health management of goats. Relevance, Trends, Important breeds, Common diseases of goats.
  35. Practical components of herd health programs for goats. Principles of goat nutrition.
  36. Animal hygiene of sheep production I. Production branches, economic aspects, breeds and breeding programs. Breeding management (breeding parameters, five separate management operations /restoration, ram preparation, flock assembly, flushing, mating/)
  37. Animal hygiene of sheep production II. Management of the pregnant ewe (housing, feeding, health care).
  38. Animal hygiene of sheep production III. Management of broiler lamb production (forms of fattening, timing of birth, housing systems, feeding aspects, health care /metabolic disorders, bacterial diseases, fungal diseases, viral diseases/)
  39. Practical auditing of welfare in livestock production units.

 

Questions from swine herd health

 

  1. Characteristics of pig production I. (significance of the pig industry in the animal agriculture, organisation of pig production /the breeding pyramid/
  2. Characteristics of pig production II. (Main pig breeds, hybridisation schemes, the role of breeders’ association and the breeding authority, performance testing)
  3. Management technologies of swine production I. Operational set up of breeding, fattening and commercial pig farms. (Schematic diagram of operation. SSF /farow-to-finish/; bi-phase and three-phase systems)
  4. Management technologies of swine production II. Farrowing systems (individual farrowing, demands for the creep, heating systems, feeders and drinkers, regulations for the slatted floor, size of the farrowing crate, group farrowing and group nursing systems, free range farrowing)
  5. Management technologies of swine production III. Housing of the weaned pigs (weaners’ pool, flatdecks, the “Nürtringer” system)
  6. Management technologies of swine production IV. Feeding and watering systems in housing of fattening pigs (drinking facilities, dry feeding, slop feeding technologies, effect of feed distribution on the air hygiene)
  7. Management technologies of swine production V. Housing of the sow (breeding sow house, housing systems for the pregnant sow). Group housing, large groups.
  8. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for the swine industry I. The changing role of the veterinarian. (Main trends in the past 50 years in pig production, services given by the general practitioner and by the full time consultant, components of the planned animal health and production programmes)
  9. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for the swine industry II. Target and action parameters (definition and examples), check lists (definition and examples)
  10. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for the swine industry III. The practice of consultancy (previsit preparation, on the spot activity, analysis and discussion of the results of the visit, selected topics, preparation of the report)
  11. Herd health management of reproduction I. (monitoring of the reproductive performance, factors that affect the litter size) (Swine)
  12. Herd health management of reproduction II. (Farrowing index, non-productive days, factors that influence puberty, frequent complaints)
  13. The periparturient diseases of the sow I. (forms of the disease complex, an exemplary management related disease, the role of endotoxins, clinical signs)
  14. The periparturient diseases of the sow II. (Feeding and management factors that are involved in the development of the disease, diagnosis at herd level, preventive and therapeutic measures)
  15. Culling of the sow. (Reasons and economic consequences, culling strategy, statistical analysis of culling)
  16. Leg disorders of the sows (Infectious and non-infectious reasons, pododermatitis, osteochondrosis, shoulder ulcer: reasons and prevention)
  17. Herd health management from farrowing till weaning I. (Periweaning mortality: late foetal death, intrapartum and early postnatal deaths, risk factors of producing stillborn piglets)
  18. Herd health management from farrowing till weaning II. (Non-infectious postparturient losses, importance of colostrum)
  19. Herd health management from farrowing till weaning III. (infectious postparturient losses, diagnosis of infectious postparturient losses at herd level, recognition of risk factors)
  20. Herd health programme from weaning to the end of the postweaning period I. (age, anatomical-physiological, nutritional and housing/management factors that influence the weight gain and diseases of piglets in the periweaning period)
  21. Herd health programme from weaning to the end of the postweaning period II. (Role and functions of the small intestine; role and functions of the intestinal microflora; defence against intestinal pathogens, general aspects of prevention of periweaning diarrhoea of pigs)
  22. Herd health management of the fattening pig (efficiency parameters, target and interference levels, data that should be recorded, methods of data recording, common diseases of the fattening pig)
  23. Porcine respiratory disease complex I. An exemplary multifactorial disease. (germ load, environmental factors that affect the non-specific and specific protective mechanisms of the respiratory tract)
  24. Porcine respiratory disease complex II. (Methods of diagnosis at herd level (prevalence/severity of the disease, related micro-organisms, environmental risk factors)
  25. Porcine respiratory disease complex III. Methods of control. (medication/immunisation programmes segregated production, eradication
  26. Porcine respiratory disease complex IV. The SPF technique (definitions, primer and secondary herds, the technique, significance and prospects of establishing SPF)
  27. Pathomorphological data collection and analysis in the abattoir. The main scoring systems.

 

 

Industrial poultry production technologies, hygiene, and herd-health

 

  1. Significance of poultry-production in the EU. The effects of avian influenza epidemic and of COVID-’19 pandemic on the poultry-production of the EU.
    Histomonosis and Heterakis gallinarum-infection.
    Vaccination program of breeding chicken flocks.

 

  1. Infectious disease control at large-scale farms. The role of the veterianarian and the farm-manager in the introduction and enforcement of infectious disease prevention protocols at a farm. Infectious disease control program of a farm.

 

  1. Infectious disease control at large-scale farms. The execution of cleaning and disinfection protocols at poultry farms.
    Diseases caused by Gram-positive bacteria: Clostridia and Erysipelas (characteristics, identification, prevention and/or therapy). 
  2. Measures of value by domestic chickens. Farming technologies of breeding chicken stocks: introduction of day-old chicks at the farm.
    Vaccination program of laying hens (commercial egg production).

 

  1. Farming technologies of breeding chicken stocks: pre-rearing period after day-old age.
    AMEG antibiotic categories.
    Diseases caused by DNA-viruses: Parvo-, Circo- and Polyomavirus (characteristics, identification, prevention and/or therapy).
     
  2. Farming technologies of breeding chicken stocks: hatching period (egg production period).
    Diseases caused by RNA-viruses: Astro-, Picorna- and Coronavirus (characteristics, identification, prevention and/or therapy). 
  3. Farming technologies of broiler-chickens.
    Diseases caused by Gram-negative bacteria: Bordetellosis, Campylobacteriosis, Mycoplasmosis (characteristics, identification, prevention and/or therapy). 
  4. Farming technologies of the commercial egg-production chicken stocks: feeding, crucial vitamin and mineral supplements of the feed.

Diseases caused by RNA-viruses: Birna- and Orthomyxovirus (characteristics, identification, prevention and/or therapy).

 

  1. Farming technologies of the commercial egg-production chicken stocks: introduction procedures of day-old chicks depending on housing technologies.
    Diseases caused by DNA-viruses: Adeno-, Herpes- and Poxvirus (characteristics, identification, prevention and/or therapy). 
  2. Farming technologies of the commercialegg-production chicken stocks: pre- and post-rearing period on the chick (pre-rearing) farm.
    Diseases caused by Gram-negative bacteria: Fowl cholera, Anatipestifer Disease, Ornithobacteriuos, Infectious rhinitis (general characterization, detection, control and / or treatment).

 

  1. Farming technologies of the commercialegg-production chicken stocks: egg production period; grid floor and cage combined with deep litter on the laying hen farms.
    Diseases caused by RNA viruses: Paramyxoviruses (general characterization, detection, control and/ or treatment)

 

  1. Farming technologies of the breeding turkey stocks: pre-rearing and egg-production period.
    Characterization of the mode of action of antibacterial agents used in poultry health.
    Diseases caused by Gram-negative bacteria: Enterobacteria (general characterization, detection, control and / or treatment)

 

  1. Farming technologies of the final product turkey stocks: pre – rearing and post – rearing (fattening) period.
    Vaccination methods with practical examples. Advantages and disadvantages of live and killed vaccine types.

 

  1. Farming technologies of the domestic duck and moulard duck stocks: breeding herds, heavy meat duck production and fattened duck liver production.
    Drinking water hygiene – water treatment, sanitation – biofilms.
    Vaccination program for breeding and final product turkey stocks..
     
  2. Farming technologies of the goose stocks: breeding-stocks, meat-production and fattened liver production.
    Prudent antibiotic application in poultry farms.
    Coccidiosis: the major Eimeria species of poultry species; major anti-coccidial agents.

 

  1. Hatchery technology: the importance of proper hygiene and disease control in the hatcheries. Egg handling. Farming technology factors influencing the hygiene and quality of eggs for hatching.

    Vaccination program for duck stocks.
     
  2. Hatchery technology: the structure of the hatchery; the magamenet of hatching from the arrival of breeding eggs to the loading of the hatched day-old birds onto a transport vehicle.

    Vaccination program for brojler stocks.

 

Herd health management of rabbit production. (Breeds. Breeding management. Housing.) Important diseases of industrial rabbits.