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Education Courses Animal Hygiene and Herd Health 2.

Animal Hygiene and Herd Health 2.

Language
English
Nature
mandatory
Method of evaluation
final exam
Year in the curriculum
5
Semester in the curriculum
1
Credits
4
Lectures
45
Practical lessons
3
Documents
Documents
Allow for
  • Vet HU
  • Vet EN

Course description

Animal Hygiene is the branch of the veterinary science, which relying on knowledge of physiological and ethological demands of animals, describes the preconditions of health preservation and investigates the pathophysiological changes brought about by adverse environmental effects in order to gain information on the aetiology and pathomechanism of multifactorial diseases. On this basis, animal hygiene systematise the preventive veterinary measures with special reference to their economic consequences. Animal hygiene deals primarily with herds and health protection of the herds, therefore the subject is more or less equivalent to the subject „herd health ” taught in number of the veterinary colleges of the western hemisphere.

Animal hygiene is an interdisciplinary science that lay bridge over animal husbandry and veterinary medicine. Its curriculum involves the management and nutrition technologies of farm animals. The discipline also describes the multilateral effects of housing and nutrition on the health, on the inherited behavioural characteristics of farm and companion animals, on economy of their production and on the rural environment. Based on these knowledge vet­erinary undergraduates will be trained to become able for critical analysis of housing systems and nutritional regimes, for understanding the aetiology of management related diseases prevailing at herd level, for the application of methods of herd health management in order to prevent and control of multi­factorial diseases of high economic consequences.

Beyond teaching theoretical and practical knowledge of the discipline we endeavour to implement three goals. First of all we try to form an approach by which the veterinary practitioner becomes able to analyse the production decline, abnormal behaviour and animal diseases in their complex interactions with the environment. We also intend to prepare our undergraduates for the analysis of the economic consequences of their preventive and curative meas­ures. And last but not least in harmony with other disciplines we regard important to teach our students to esteem and acknowledge the work of experts of other branch of agricultural science.

Theoretical and practical knowledge of animal hygiene is based on animal physiology, husbandry, nutrition, microbiology and immunology. At the same time it contributes to the better understanding of epizootology, state vet­erinary medicine and food inspection.

Lectures theme

Theoretical lectures and progress diary of Animal Hygiene (Veterinary Preventive Medicine) and Herd-Health, Autumn,

9th semester, from 10st Sept. 2018. to 14th Dec. 2018.)

 

 

 

  1. Herd health and management of dairy cattle. Housing management and technologies. Examples on the effects of keeping conditions on production and health of cattle.

Novel methods and tools in the monitoring of herd-health and performance of dairy cows.

13th September  (1) Péter Hejel

 

  1. Main caracteristics and international trends of the dairy cattle milk production.
    The aim and principles of cattle herd health programmes (management cycle, man-agement structure of a dairy farm, herd health and production management protocol)
  2. Herd-health management of the metabolic disorders of dairy cows I. Disorders of energy- and acid-base metabolism. Risk factors, prevalence and prevention

14th September (2) Dr. Endre Brydl

 

  1. Monitoring of reproductive performance of dairy herds. Reproduction management of dairy cattle. Risk factors affecting reproduction. Management tools and activities for improvement of fertility.

20th September (1) Dr. László Könyves

 

  1. Herd-health management of the metabolic disorders of dairy cows II. Disorders of protein-, mineral- and vitamin metabolisms. Risk factors, prevalence and prevention
  2. Metabolic profile tests (relevance, execution and and the possibility of their use in the veterinary herd-health practice).  Relevant metabolic parameters of dairy cows, and interpretation of the normal or pathological range of their values.

21th September (2) Dr. Endre Brydl

 

  1. Animal hygienic aspects of beef production. Important breeds. General aspects of management.  Forms of fattening.

27th September (1) (1) Dr. László Könyves

 

  1. Main management related (multifactorial) diseases in beef herds. Risk factors and preventive measures.
  2. Monitoring of reproductive performance of beef herds. Reproduction management of beef cattle. Health management of mating bulls.

28th September (2) Dr. László Könyves

 

  1. Mastitis as herd disease (importance, definitions) The types of mastitis in dairy cattle. The characteristics of the clinical and subclinical mastitis. Diagnostical tools. Treatment of mastitis.

4th October (1) Dr. Péter Kovács


 

 

  1. Factors affecting the development of mastitis. Predisposing factors. Alignment of mastitis pathogen microorganisms.
  2. Contagious mastitis pathogens. Control of contagious mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd. Environmental mastitis pathogens. Control of envrionmental mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd.

5th October (2) Dr. Péter Kovács

 

  1.  In between mastitis pathogens. Hygienic milk sampling methods. Evaluation of microbiological and antibiogram result. Herd specific mastitis control programs

11th October (1) Dr. Péter Kovács

 

  1. Diseases of the bovine digit. Functional hoof trimming.
  2. Monitoring and preventive measures of hoof disorders.

12nd October (2) Dr. János Lehoczky

 

  1. Animal hygieneic aspects of goat production. General aspects of management. Important breeds. Keeping technologies. Herd health and reproduction management of dairy goats.

18th October (1) Dr. László Könyves

 

  1. Animal hygienic and herd health aspects of raising calves. Influental factors on calves’ health and performance. Importance and control of colostrum supply. Housing technologies and nutrition management of calves.
  2. Management related, bacteriological, viral and parasitological diseases of calves. Methods of control.

19th October (2) Dr. László Könyves

 

 

  1. Herd health management of table rabbit production. (Breeds. Breeding management. Housing.) Management and nutrition related multifactorial diseases of rabbit and its’ prevention.

25th October (1) Dr. András Adorján

 

  1. Significance of poultry production (Biological fundamentals, economic considerations, management systems of egg production, vertical integration of poultry production).
  2. Relevance of the non-specific preventive measures in poultry flocks (service period, hygienic conditions of the production environment and its control)

Specific measures of controlling poultry diseases (Planning and application of vaccination programmes. Characteristics of vaccination programmes in the egg and broiler production. Checking of the results of vaccination programmes). Role and significance of hatcheries in spreading and prevention of poultry diseases.

26th October (2) Dr. András Adorján


 

  1. Animal hygienic aspects of broiler chicken production. Housing technologies. Management and nutrition related diseases in broiler production and their prevention.

1st November. (1) Dr. László Kőrösi

Legal holidays, Selflearning of the lecture materials

 

  1. Animal hygienic aspects of duck production. (Goals of production. Breeds. Housing and management technologies. Breeding management.)
  2. Animal hygienic aspects of broiler duck production. Main management and nutrition related multifactorial diseases of ducks and their control.

2nd November. (2) Dr. András Adorján

Day out of work, Selflearning of the lecture materials

 

  1. Animal Hygiene of goose production I. Goals of production. Breeds. Housing and management. Feather plucking. Cramming. Breeding management.

8th November. (1) Dr. András Adorján

 

  1. Animal Hygienic aspects of turkey production. (Goals of production. Breeds. Housing and management technologies. Breeding management.)
  2. Main management and nutrition related multifactorial diseases of turkey and their control.

9th November. (2) Dr. András Adorján

 

  1. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for poultry production (health control of flocks, check lists, diagnosis, monitoring and administration of the health status, collaboration between animal health service and management of the poultry production units).

15th November. (1) Dr. András Adorján

 

 

  1. Management and organisation of the pig production (breeds, pure breeding, hybridisation programmes, breeding pyramid, breeding organisations).
  2. Management and housing technologies in the pig production (mono-, bi and three-phase housing systems, flow-chart of operation, farrowing systems, housing of weaned pigs, fattening systems, housing of the sow)

16th November (2) Dr. Eszter Losonczi

 

 

  1. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for the swine industry (advances in health control, components of the planned animal health and production program, check lists)

22nd November (1) Dr. Pál Rafai

 

  1. Animal hygienic aspects of sheep production. Production branches. Breeding management. Management of the pregnant ewes.
  2. Management of the broiler lamb production. (Housing and climatic requirements. Management related, bacteriological, viral and parasitological diseases of broiler lambs. Methods of control.)

23rd November (2) Dr. Viktor Jurkovich

 

 

  1. Practical auditing of welfare in livestock production (primary producers, transport, slaughter)

29th November (1) Dr. Viktor Jurkovich

 

  1. Herd health management of reproduction. (Monitoring of the reproductive performance, environmental factors that affect litter size, environmental factors that affect the non-productive days of gilts and sows, most frequent complaints)
  2. The periparturient disease complex of the sow, leg disorders and culling strategies

30th Noember (2) Dr. Eszter Losonczi

 

  1. Herd health management from farrowing till weaning (pre-weaning mortality – risk factors, postparturient losses, examination of pigs in the farrowing area)

6th December (1) Dr. Eszter Losonczi

 

  1. Herd health programme from weaning to the end of the post-weaning period (factors that affect weight gain after weaning, bacterial and viral diseases around weaning, prevention of peri-weaning enteral diseases).
  2. Herd health management of the fattening pig. Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome. Management practices to reduce expensive feed wastage.

7th December (2) Dr. Eszter Losonczi

 

  1. Pathomorphological data collection in slaughterhouse, analysis and reporting.

13rd December. (1) Dr. Pál Rafai

 

  1. Herd health control of the Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex (PRDC) I. (basic principles, diagnosis at herd level)
  2. Herd health control of the Porcine Respiratory Disease Complex (PRDC) II. (control measures)

14th December (2) Dr. Pál Rafai

 

 

 

 

Budapest, 4st September 2018.

 

Dr. habil László Könyves PhD

associate professor, head of the

                                                             Department of Animal Hygiene,

                                                                                  Herd Health and Veterinary Ethology

Practical lessons theme

The attendance of the farm visit in either the 8th or the 9th semester is compulsory according to the official schedule.

Safety instructions for farm visits to be found among the downloadable documents.

 

Evaluation description

The course concludes with an oral examination at the end of the 9th semester. Students should answer 2 questions. (See Exam topics at the section “Exam information”.) The first is from basic animal hygiene, the second one relates to herd-health programmes or animal hygienic aspects of keeping food producing animals. Please observe: if the question somehow might be related to your studies in “Applied ethology” the examiner has the right to scrutinise your knowledge in that field of science as well. Putting questions concerning the farm visit is also at the discretion of the examiner.

The exam is scored on a 1 to 5 scale for each question. If the student fails to give adequate answer to either of the two questions the result is failure irrespective to the quality of the response to the other question. In any other case the final score of the exam is the (approximate) arithmetic average of the two scores. The official rules of the evaluation regulated by the TVSZ 28§.

 

Exam information

Preparation for the exam, exam topics and questions, recommended literature, exam informations:

Knowledge were presented during the theoretical lectures is required and examined.

Slides of the theoretical lectures available:

Animal Hygiene I.:

http://univet.hu/en/students/courses/animal-hygiene-and-herd-health-1/download/18222

Animal Hygiene II.:

http://univet.hu/en/students/courses/animal-hygiene-and-herd-health-2/download/18633

 

Recommended literature

BRAND A. – NORDUIZEN J.P.T.M. – SCHUKKEN Y.H.: Herd Health and Production Management in Dairy Practice. Wageningen: Wageningen Pers, 1996.

RADOSTITS O.M.: Herd Health Food Animal Production Medicine. W.B. Saunders Company, 2001.

EKESBO, I. 2011. Farm animal behaviour, CABI, Wallingford, UK, ISBN: 9781845937706Jensen, P. 2009. The ethology of domestic animals, CABI, Wallingford, UK, ISBN: 9781845935368

ALAND, A. –  BANHAZI, T. (ed.) Livestock housing. Modern management to ensure optimal health and welfare of farm animals ISBN: 978-90-8686-217-7

 

Exam topics

Questions from basic Animal Hygiene

 

  1. Epidemiological aspects of establishing animal production units. Physical properties of building materials. Demands for walls, roof, window and floor. Construction of stables.
  2. Biosecurity (Aspects of site selection, demands for the fence, public and vehicle transport to and from animal production units, hygiene of operation, animal transport among farms)
  3. Disinfection of stables, stable equipment, water pipelines and waterers, wells and other water resources. Monitoring the efficiency of disinfection.)
  4. Definitions and methods of disinfection. Biological and technological factors that influence the efficiency of disinfection Spectrum. Mode of action. General demands for disinfectants.
  5. Physical, and biological methods of sterilization and disinfection
  6. Chemical methods of sterilization and disinfection. Liquid solid and gaseous disinfectants
  7. Methods of ventilation. Critical assessment of methods of ventilation. Environmental diagnostic methods of evaluation of ventilation.
  8. Ventilation of stables. Calculation of air exchange rate
  9. Heat equilibrium of closed confinements. Principles of calculation of heat balance of stables. Methods of heating and cooling of stables.
  10. Gaseous contaminants of the stable air. Measurement methods.
  11. Biological aerosols. (Characteristics and origin of aerosols. Measurement methods of aerosol particles and germs. Reduction of bio aerosols and harmful gases in livestock confinements.)
  12. Examination of the stable microclimate. Interpretation of the phyisical parameters of stable microclimate. Methods of the examination of stable microclimate. Equipments of the examination of stable microclimate, analysis of the measured data.
  13. The effects of climatic conditions on production and health of farm animals. Energy metabolism of the organism. Heat production and thermal balance of animals. Heat exchange between organism and environment. Adaptation to climatic conditions.
  14. The influence of the heat stress on the production animals, the quantification of the heat stress
  15. Effects of animal production on the nature and society. Environmental impacts of emissions. Reduction of harmful emissions
  16. Classification of animal wastes/by-products. Definition of wastes/by–products. Category 1 materials including SRM. Category 2 and 3 materials. Principles of disposal and treatment of Category 1, 2 and 3 waste materials.
  17. Chemical decomposition of feeds. The oxidative stress. Preventive measures. Biogen amines.
  18. Microbial contamination of feeds. (Classification of feed flora. Environmental condition of microbial gradation. Consequences of feed spoilage.)
  19. General characteristics and classification of mycotoxins. Storehouse and field moulds. Fusarium toxins. General characterisation of Zearalenons.
  20. Effects of Fusarium toxins on livestock and poultry: Zearalenone.
  21. Effects of Fusarium toxins on livestock and poultry: Trychothecenes.
  22. Effects of Fusarium toxins on livestock and poultry: Fumonisins.
  23. Store house mycotoxins. Aflatoxins.
  24. Store house mycotoxins.. Ochratoxines. Patulin, Penicillin-acid, citrinin.
  25. Mycotoxin contamination of cereals. Regulations.
  26. Opportunities of prevention of mycotoxin related health/production problems (Prevention of infection in the vegetation period. Disinfection/decontamination prior to storing. Decrease of harmful effects /feed additives/)
  27. Examination of the microbiological-hygienic status of feeds. (Indicator micro-organisms. Pathogens in the feeds.)
  28. Hygiene of the drinking water. Physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of the drinking water. Examples of the effect of water hygiene on the production and health of the farm animals
  29. Rules and aspects of sampling water resources and feeds.
  30. Stress in general, its physiology
  31. Stress effects in animal welfare, health status and production in farm animals. The diagnosis and management of stress
  32. Management related diseases of farm animals I. Definitions. The role of the facultative pathogens int he diseases.The concept of germ load. Interactions between housing and management factors and the germ load.
  33. Management related diseases of farm animals II. The role of the deffence mechanism int he developement of multifactorial diseases. Effects of environmental factors on the defense mechanisms.
  34. Precision livestock farming (PLF) and its applicability in herd health management.

 

 

 

Questions from ruminant herd health

  1. General characterisation of dairy industry. Main trends in dairying. Herd health management of dairy cattle. General aspects.
  2. The aim and principles of cattle herd health programmes (management cycle, management structure of a dairy farm, herd health and production management protocol)
  3. Importance of metabolic profile tests, execution and the possibility of their use in the veterinary herd-health practice.
  4. Sampling protocol of metabolic profile test.
  5. Relevant metabolic parameters of dairy cows, and interpretation of the normal or pathological range of their values.
  6. Development and incidence rate of energy imbalance and disturbances of acid-base metabolism. Preventive measures.
  7. Development and incidence of protein, mineral and vitamin metabolism disturbances. Preventive measures.
  8. Farm visit. General aspects and execution of farm visit.
  9. Body condition scoring. Faeces scoring. Relationships between the consistence of faeces and nutrients supply. Examination of the ration. (Cattle)
  10. Housing management and technologies of dairy cattle. Examples on the effect of housing conditions on health and performance of dairy cattle.
  11. Please review the most common housing systems used in dairy cow herds, then evaluate them from the animal’s and farm-operation point of view!
  12. Please review the most important aspects for definition of stocking density (resting area, feed- and drinking water access, number of head-lockers and cubicles, etc.) with special attention on specialties of periparturient period!
  13. Please review the most common machinery milking systems and parlor designs, then evaluate them from the animal’s and the farm-operation point of view!
  14. Please itemize the all of units, buildings with special function (from veterinary and animal health management point of view) are usually found in a typical dairy farm! Please review the most important requirements (criteria) regarding the design and shape of close-up barn, calving/maternity area and fresh cow barn!
  15. Please name some automatized technology equipment for supporting veterinary work on a dairy farm! Briefly describe the function of the milk’s conductivity measuring equipment!
  16. Please review the negative impact of overcrowding on dairy herds and describe some of technological solutions and management practice to prevent them!
  17. Please name the most frequently used monitoring tools and methods may available on a dairy farm!
  18. Animal hygienic and herd health aspect of raising calves I. Preset/production targets. Influential factors of calves’ health and performance (Breeding management, Pregnant cow/heifer and calving management, Nursing of calves)
  19. Colostrum supply and management of calves. Control of maternal immunity of calves.
  20. Keeping technologies and nutrition of calves and growing cattle.
  21. Common bacteriological, viral and parasitic diseases of calves. Risk factors, control and prevention of the diseases.
  22. Bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) of calves and growing cattle. Pathogens, clinical forms, risk factors, control and prevention of the diseases.
  23. Animal hygienic aspects of beef cattle production. (rend sin beef production, Breeds, general aspects of management, housing/keeping technologies, forms of fattening)
  24. Monitoring and management of the reproduction in beef herds. Management tools for the improvement of reproductive performance. The mating bull management.
  25. Monitoring and management of the reproduction in dairy cattle herds. Factors influencing reproduction of cows. Management tools for the improvement of reproductive performance.
  26. Diseases of the bovine digit. Functional hoof trimming.
  27. Monitoring and preventive measures of hoof disorders in cattle.
  28. Definition, importance and forms of mastitis. The clinical and subclinical mastitis
  29. Mastitis: Diagnostic opportunities. Treatment of mastitis. (Cattle)
  30. Factors affecting the development of mastitis. Predisposing factors. Alignment of mastitis pathogen microorganisms. (Cattle)
  31. Contagious mastitis pathogens. Control of contagious mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd.
  32. Environmental mastitis pathogens. Control of environmental mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd.
  33. In-between mastitis pathogens. Control of in-between mastitis pathogens in a dairy herd.
  34. Evaluation of microbiological and antibiogram results. Herd specific mastitis control programs. (Cattle)
  35. Herd health management of goats. Relevance, rend sin Europe. Important breeds, Common diseases of goats.
  36. Practical components of herd health programs for goats. Principles of goat nutrition.
  37. Animal hygiene of sheep production I. Production branches, economic aspects, breeds and breeding programs. Breeding management (breeding parameters, five separate management operations /restoration, ram preparation, flock assembly, flushing, mating/)
  38. Animal hygiene of sheep production II. Management of the pregnant ewe (housing, feeding, health care).
  39. Animal hygiene of sheep production III. Management of broiler lamb production (forms of fattening, timing of birth, housing systems, feeding aspects, health care /metabolic disorders, bacterial diseases, fungal diseases, viral diseases/)
  40. Practical auditing of welfare in livestock production units.

 

Questions from swine herd health

 

  1. Characteristics of pig production I. (significance of the pig industry in the animal agriculture, organisation of pig production /the breeding pyramid/
  2. Characteristics of pig production II. (Main pig breeds, hybridisation schemes, the role of breeders’ association and the breeding authority, performance testing)
  3. Management technologies of swine production I. Operational set up of breeding, fattening and commercial pig farms. (Schematic diagram of operation. SSF /farow-to-finish/; bi-phase and three-phase systems)
  4. Management technologies of swine production II. Farrowing systems (individual farrowing, demands for the creep, heating systems, feeders and drinkers, regulations for the slatted floor, size of the farrowing crate, group farrowing and group nursing systems, free range farrowing)
  5. Management technologies of swine production III. Housing of the weaned pigs (weaners’ pool, flatdecks, the “Nürtringer” system)
  6. Management technologies of swine production IV. Feeding and watering systems in housing of fattening pigs (drinking facilities, dry feeding, slop feeding technologies, effect of feed distribution on the air hygiene)
  7. Management technologies of swine production V. Housing of the sow (breeding sow house, housing systems for the pregnant sow). Group housing, large groups.
  8. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for the swine industry I. The changing role of the veterinarian. (Main trends in the past 50 years in pig production, services given by the general practitioner and by the full time consultant, components of the planned animal health and production programmes)
  9. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for the swine industry II. Target and action parameters (definition and examples), check lists (definition and examples)
  10. Production oriented, planned veterinary programmes for the swine industry III. The practice of consultancy (previsit preparation, on the spot activity, analysis and discussion of the results of the visit, selected topics, preparation of the report)
  11. Herd health management of reproduction I. (monitoring of the reproductive performance, factors that affect the litter size) (Swine)
  12. Herd health management of reproduction II. (Farrowing index, non-productive days, factors that influence puberty, frequent complaints)
  13. The periparturient diseases of the sow I. (forms of the disease complex, an exemplary management related disease, the role of endotoxins, clinical signs)
  14. The periparturient diseases of the sow II. (Feeding and management factors that are involved in the development of the disease, diagnosis at herd level, preventive and therapeutic measures)
  15. Culling of the sow. (Reasons and economic consequences, culling strategy, statistical analysis of culling)
  16. Leg disorders of the sows (Infectious and non-infectious reasons, pododermatitis, osteochondrosis, shoulder ulcer: reasons and prevention)
  17. Herd health management from farrowing till weaning I. (Periweaning mortality: late foetal death, intrapartum and early postnatal deaths, risk factors of producing stillborn piglets)
  18. Herd health management from farrowing till weaning II. (Non-infectious postparturient losses, importance of colostrum)
  19. Herd health management from farrowing till weaning III. (infectious postparturient losses, diagnosis of infectious postparturient losses at herd level, recognition of risk factors)
  20. Herd health programme from weaning to the end of the postweaning period I. (age, anatomical-physiological, nutritional and housing/management factors that influence the weight gain and diseases of piglets in the periweaning period)
  21. Herd health programme from weaning to the end of the postweaning period II. (Role and functions of the small intestine; role and functions of the intestinal microflora; defence against intestinal pathogens, general aspects of prevention of periweaning diarrhoea of pigs)
  22. Herd health management of the fattening pig (efficiency parameters, target and interference levels, data that should be recorded, methods of data recording, common diseases of the fattening pig)
  23. Porcine respiratory disease complex I. An exemplary multifactorial disease. (germ load, environmental factors that affect the non-specific and specific protective mechanisms of the respiratory tract)
  24. Porcine respiratory disease complex II. (Methods of diagnosis at herd level (prevalence/severity of the disease, related micro-organisms, environmental risk factors)
  25. Porcine respiratory disease complex III. Methods of control. (medication/immunisation programmes segregated production, eradication
  26. Porcine respiratory disease complex IV. The SPF technique (definitions, primer and secondary herds, the technique, significance and prospects of establishing SPF)
  27. Pathomorphological data collection and analysis in the abattoir. The main scoring systems.

Questions from poultry and rabbit herd health

  1. Origin of the domesticated rabbit, keeping systems, breeding systems, main reproduction features. Major diseases and management related problems of the rabbit.
  2. Natural mating and arteficial insemination of the rabbit, checking of the pregnancy, main tasks from parturition to the slaughtering. Major diseases and management related problems of the rabbit.
  3. Origin of the domesticated chicken and its domestication, main production features and their role in the world meat production. Integrations (connections) in the poultry sector.
  4. Keeping systems of the poultry and the new innovative keeping system. Main rules of the hatchery facilities, the stages of the hatching process, tasks during the hatching.
  5. Types of vaccination for poultries, their advantages and disadvantages. Checking the success of the vaccination. The stages of the breeding chicken rearing and main tasks during it.
  6. Stages of the egg laying chicken rearing, their keeping conditions, possible problems during their rearing and production. Requisite of the settling of the one day old chicks (animal and environment). „Abnormal” behaviour problems of the poultries.
  7. Origin of the turkey, aim of its keeping, main breeds. Requisite of the settling of the one day old turkey, the special needs of the feeding environment, keeping systems of the turkey.
  8. Rearing of the turkey breeding flock and features of their production. Problems around egg laying and their insemination. The major diseases of the turkey.
  9. Aim of the goose keeping, main breeds. Requisite of the breeding flock rearing, keeping and their hygienic egg production.
  10. Requisite of the rearing and keeping of the goose for meat production. Feather and fatty liver (foie gras) production with goose and its effect on the birds. The major diseases of the goose.
  11.  Aim of the duck keeping and the role of their product in the world. Main species and breeds of the duck and their features, differences. Keeping systems of the duck and their features.
  12. Producing meat, feather and fatty liver (foie gras) with ducks in different keeping systems and requirement of their hygienic production and possible problems. Rearing of the breeding flock.

 

 

The course concludes with an oral examination at the end of the 9th semester. Students should answer 2 questions. (See Exam topics at the section “Exam information”.) The first is from basic animal hygiene, the second one relates to herd-health programmes or animal hygienic aspects of keeping food producing animals. Please observe: if the question somehow might be related to your studies in “Applied ethology” the examiner has the right to scrutinise your knowledge in that field of science as well. Putting questions concerning the farm visit is also at the discretion of the examiner.

The exam is scored on a 1 to 5 scale for each question. If the student fails to give adequate answer to either of the two questions the result is failure irrespective to the quality of the response to the other question. In any other case the final score of the exam is the (approximate) arithmetic average of the two scores. The official rules of the evaluation regulated by the TVSZ 28§.