Default view
Education Courses Animal Nutrition II.

Animal Nutrition II.

Language
English
Nature
mandatory
Method of evaluation
final exam
Year in the curriculum
4
Semester in the curriculum
7
Credits
5
Lectures
42
Practical lessons
14
Documents
Documents
Allow for
  • Vet EN

Course description

The subject discusses the digestion physiology, nutrient and energy requirements as well as the practical feeding of farm animals and pets. Detailed information is given related to the nutritional disorders and to their consequences in the frame of animal dietetics.

In connection with feeds the ration formulation in different species is also discusses. The practical education is supplemented with a 3-week-long summer farm practice.

Lectures: 2+1 hours/week; practicals: 1 hours/week

Lecturers:
István HULLÁR, assoc. professor
Mr Sándor György FEKETE, full professor
Mrs Hedvig FÉBEL, invited private professor
Mrs Éva CENKVÁRI, senior researcher
Mr András BERSÉNYI, senior lecturer
Mrs Orsolya KUTASI, assoc.professor
Ms. Nikoletta HETÉNYI, research fellow

 

Lectures theme

ANIMAL NUTRITION II

Duration of the semester: from 14 September to 18 December 2020 (14 weeks).
Place of the subject: 7th semester (4th year).
Number of weekly hours, lecture halls
Lectures: 3 hours/week; lecture halls: Hetzel (on Tuesdays) and Zlamál (on Thursdays).
Practicals: 1 hour/week/group; room: Dept. Obstetrics (building L, 1st floor).
Class representative: Várnai Claire, clairevarnai@gmail.com

Week 1 (14-18 September)
Lecture: Feeding and nutrition of healthy rabbits. The Most Important Nutritional
Troubles of Rabbit. Mr. Sándor György FEKETE full professor
Practical: Information about the subject, feeding practice of rabbits.
Mrs. Nikoletta HETÉNYI research fellow

Week 2 (21-25 September)
Lecture: Feeding and nutrition of healthy dogs and cats. (2 hours)
Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor
Non-infectious abortions. (1 hour) Mr. Sándor György FEKETE full professor
Practical: Overview of the main subjects from the previous semester essential for
understanding the subject “Animal Nutrition 2”.
Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

Week 3 (28 September – 2 October)
Lecture: Dog and cat dietetics. I. Mr. Sándor György FEKETE full professor
Practical: Summary of the calculations I. Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

Week 4 (5-9 October)
Lecture: Dog and cat dietetics II. Mr. Sándor György FEKETE full professor
Practical: Commercial diets for dogs and cats. Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor

Week 5 (12-16 October)
Lecture: Applied digestive physiology of ruminants. Compounds having advantageous
effects on rumen function and metabolism. Feeding and nutrition of dairy calves.
Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior researcher
Practical: Clinical dietetics of dogs and cats. Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor

Week 6 (19-23 October)
Lecture: Nutrition and dietetics of horses.
Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor
Practical: Feeding practice of grazing ruminants. Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior researcher

23 October (Friday): study holiday (National Holiday).
Week 7 (26-30 October)
Lecture: Dairy heifer rearing systems, nutrition of dairy cows and dry cows.
Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior researcher
Practical: Feeding practice of beef cattle (Üllő). Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor
Feeding practice of horses (Üllő). Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor

Week 8 (2-6 November)
Lecture: Nutrition of sheep and goats. The most important metabolic troubles of sheep
and goats. Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior researcher
Practical: Feeding practice of beef cattle (Üllő). Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor
Feeding practice of horses (Üllő). Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor

Week 9 (9-13 November)
Lecture: Beef heifer rearing systems, nutrition of dairy cows. Fattening of beefs, nutritional extension service (the most important metabolic troubles of periparturient
dairy cow, and their prevention; measurement of the milk urea level, its role in the herd diagnosis, practical applications; herd and individual diagnosis based on milk and urinary keton bodies in dairy cattle, ketonuric index, clinical dietetics of beef cattle).
Mr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor
Practical: Feeding practice of dairy cows I.: Total Mixed Ration (TMR).
Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior researcher

Week 10 (16-20 November)
Lecture: Digestive physiology of swine, piglet weaning systems.
Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor
Practical: Feeding practice of dairy cows II.: Partial Mixed Ration (PMR).
Mrs. Éva CENKVÁRI senior researcher

Week 11 (23-27 November)
Lecture: Fattening of pigs, Feeding breeding gilts, sows, and barrows. Special questions
of swine nutrition. Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor
Practical: Summary of the calculations. II. Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

Week 12 (30 November – 4 December)
Lecture: Digestive physiology of poultries and its nutritional consequences. Nutrition of
meat producing poultries I.: broiler chicks, roasting ducks.
Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor
Practical: Feeding practice of meat and liver producing poultries.
Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor

Week 13 (7-11 December)
Lecture: Nutrition of meat producing poultries: roasting geese, turkey hybrids. Nutrition of
liver producing poultries: duck and goose liver.
Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor
Practical: Feeding practice of swine. Mrs. Orsolya KUTASI-KORBACSKA associate professor

Week 14 (14-18 December)
Lecture: Nutrition of egg producing poultries: chicken hybrids kept for egg production,
breeding ducks, breeding turkeys, breeding geese (2 hours).
Mr. István HULLÁR associate professor
The most important metabolic troubles of poultry (1 hour).
Mrs. Nikoletta HETÉNYI research fellow
Practical: Feeding practice of egg producing poultries. Dr. István HULLÁR associate professor

 

Further information
Attendance of classes
According to the university rules attendance at classes is obligatory. More than 30% of absence from an academic subject in a term results in an automatic exclusion from the semester, while the reason for being not present is irrelevant (Students’ Guide, p. 6.).
According to that the acceptable number of uncertified absences from lectures is maximum 3 per semester. Above this level the Department of Animal Nutrition will refuse to recognise the semester and will not sign the student’s black book. Absences because of clinical practices or research activities connected to the diploma thesis are not treated as uncertified absences, but these must be verified on the official certificate by the teacher or the tutor.
One absence from the practicals is acceptable without proof. In case of further absences, subjects of the practicals must be recited within 2 weeks at the lecturer of topic. No more than 4 missed practicals will be accepted from which 3 must be recited.

Exams: see the detailed information separately under the title “Animal Nutrition 2. Oral Exam”.
On behalf of the Division for Animal Nutrition and Dietetics the contact person is Dr. András BERSÉNYI assistant professor (Building J. 3rd floor, room 309; phone: +361 478 4291 or (on the area of the university) phone extension: 8643; e-mail: bersenyi.andras@univet.hu).

Budapest, 14 September 2020
István HULLÁR, assoc. professor
head of Division for Animal Nutrition and Dietetics

Evaluation description

“Animal Nutrition 2” Exam

1. Exam period: 21-23 December 2020; 4 January-5 February 2021.

2. Prerequisites of the registration for the “Animal Nutrition 2” exam:
− successful “Animal Nutrition 1” exam,
− successful calculation test,
− accepted nutrition summer report*.
*: because of pandemic, students were exempted from the execution of the animal nutrition summer practice due in 2020.

The missing “Animal Nutrition 1” exam or the missing calculation test can be made up within the regular exam period before the registration for the “Animal nutrition 2” exam.
It means, that students who do not have the successful “Animal Nutrition 1” exam or the successful calculation test, are not allowed to register themselves for the “Animal Nutrition 2” exam before the exam period.
Registration for the missing “Animal Nutrition 1” exam: via NEPTUN.
Registration for the missing calculation test: via e-mail at Dr. Bersényi (bersenyi.andras@univet.hu).
On a given exam day only one exam per student is allowed to be done (e.g. if somebody is missing both the “Animal Nutrition 1”, and the calculation test, she/he has to do first the ‘Animal Nutrition 1”, and on another exam day the calculation test. Only after that is allowed to do the registration for the “Animal Nutrition 2” exam.

3. Registration for the “Animal Nutrition 2” exam: via NEPTUN.

4. Change of the exam date or postponement of the exam: it is possible at least one day before the original exam date till 12 o’clock by signing of in the NEPTUN system.
If somebody does not appear on the exam without postponing it on time, she/he will lose one exam possibility. Registration for a new exam date can be done via NEPTUN according to the available spots. Departments are not allowed to register the students for the exams or to delete their registrations. Consequently, please do not contact the department with requests like this.

5. Exam days (“Animal Nutrition 2”)
Exam dates and the number of spots will be given via NEPTUN.
Attention! The 3 exam possibilities per student are valid for the whole exam period and not for the last exam week. Consequently, on the last week − in case of a failure − we are not able to provide another exam possibility within the exam period.
Please take the exam registrations seriously, because no new spots can be provided instead of the postponed ones.
Before the registration you may contact the Hungarian class representative, because if they do not use all of their spots on a given day, English speaking students are allowed to use the rests and vice versa.

6. Exam process (“Animal Nutrition 2”)
Basically, the “Animal Nutrition 2” exam is made in oral form*. Place and onset of the “Animal Nutrition 2” exams: Rottenbiller Str. 50. Onset: according to the NEPTUN (usually at 8 am).
Subjects of “Animal Nutrition 1” (feeds, fundamentals of animal nutrition) are not involved into the “Animal Nutrition 2” exam. According to that everybody gets 3 questions as follows.
1st question: from the question group A.
2nd question: from the question group B.
3rd question: from the question group C.
* As the consequences of pandemic are unpredictable, it can happen, that the oral exams will be carried out online (by Microsoft Teams), or/and we will give the possibilities for a written exam (test) as well. Students will be informed in good time.

8. Evaluation of the exam
For the successful exam the satisfactory level (60% = mark 2) must be reached from each question. If this is the case, the final mark will be given according to the results of the different questions, by considering the result of the calculation test as well.
In case of a possible written exam (test) the scoring will be as follows.
0-59%: failure (1)
60-69%: passing (2)
70-79%: fair (3)
80-89%: good (4)
90%- : excellent (5).

9. Exam questions (“Animal Nutrition 2” oral exam)
In parenthesis you can find some instructions concerning the expected structure of your
exam.

Question Group A. PRACTICAL FEEDING OF DIFFERENT ANIMAL SPECIES
A/1. Feeding and Care of New-Born and Suckling Piglets (Length of the period, BW at birth,
heat regulation, colostrum, Fe supplementation, aim and onset of use of solid feed, protein content and amount of the solid feed, feed supplements.)

A/2. Practical Piglet Weaning Systems, and their Digestion Physiological
Background (Possible piglet weaning systems, age and BW at weaning, problems related
to weaning stress, protein and energy contents of feeds used, DM intake, feed supplements.)

A/3. Feeding and Nutrition of Fattening Pigs (Onset and end of the fattening period, initial and
final BW, expected daily BW gain, aim of feeding, feeds and their protein and energy contents, physical forms of diets, daily feed intake, feed efficiency, feeding technology, prevention of ulcer.)

A/4. Feeding and Nutrition of Replacement Breeding Gilts (Age and BW at the beginning and at the end of the rearing period, factors influencing the onset of insemination, daily rations, flushing, protein, and energy contents of the feed.)

A/5. Feeding and Nutrition of Pregnant Sows (Length of pregnancy, required BW and back fat
thickness at the beginning and at the end of pregnancy, aim of feeding, feeding phases, protein, energy, and fibre contents of the pregnant sow diet.)

A/6. Feeding and Nutrition of Lactating Sows (Length of lactation, initial and final BW of sow
during the first lactation, back fat thickness at the beginning and at the end of lactation, aim and practice of feeding: daily amounts, feeding system, physical form of the diet, protein, energy, and fibre contents of the diet, DM, protein and fat contents of the sow milk, feeding sows after weaning.)

A/7. Maintenance Requirements of Horse, Feeding Practice (DM, energy, Ca, and P
requirements, Ca:P ratio, tap water, BCS, daily DM and feed intake, forage to concentrate ratio, minimal daily hay requirement, feed supplementations.)

A/8. Nutrient and Energy Requirements of Mare (Pregnancy + Lactation), Feeding
and Nutrition. (Length of pregnancy and lactation, DM, protein, and energy requirement in the
different phases of pregnancy and lactation, feeds, daily amounts, forage to concentrate ratio, milk production, DM, protein, and fat contents of the mare milk.)

A/9. Nutrient and Energy Requirements of Suckling and Growing Foals, Feeding
and Nutrition. (BW at birth and weaning, length of lactation, daily milk consumption, onset of the solid feed consumption, daily DM intake of foals, forage to concentrate ratio, Ca:P ratio, feed supplements.)

A/10. Nutrient and Energy Requirements of Sport and Racing Horses, Stallions,
Feeding and Nutrition. (DM intake, forage to concentrate ratio, feed supplements, salt.)

A/11. Feeding and Nutrition of Dairy Calves. (Calf rearing systems: ages, initial and final BW
of calves, colostrum intake; milk replacers: types, temperature, daily amounts; tap water, solid feed intake: daily amounts, types of feeds; prerequisites of the safe weaning, post rearing: length, BW, feeds.)

A/12. Feeding and Nutrition of Dairy and Beef Heifers, Fattening of Beefs (Onset of the first insemination, BW, possible rearing intensities, BCS of dairy and beef heifers at calving, expression of protein and energy requirements, feeds, fattening of beefs: length of fattening, final BW, daily BW gain, feeds.)

A/13. Feeding and Nutrition of Dairy Cow in the different Phases of Lactation
(BCS at calving, phases of lactation and their characterisation: energy balance, change of BW, prerequisites of the successful reinsemination, period of setting up the optimal BCS, forage to concentrate ratio; DM and fibre intake, expression of protein and energy requirements, types and daily amounts of feeds used, possible improvement of the energy supply – also see the chapter “Connection between Nutrition and reproduction” in the “Animal Nutrition 1”.)

A/14. Feeding and Nutrition of Dairy Cow in the Dry Period. (Length and phases of the
dry period, aims of feeding in the different phases, expression of protein and energy requirements, types and daily amounts of feeds in the different phases, prevention of hypocalcaemia/milk fever happened after calving: also see the lecture and practical about CAB in the “Animal Nutrition 1”.)

A/15. Nutrient Requirements and Feeding of Beef Cows. (Yearly cycle, expression of
protein and energy requirements and their proportions in the different phases, BCS at calving, daily milk production, age, and BW of calf at weaning, feeds, protein, and other dietary supplements.)

A/16. Feeding and Nutrition of Lambs and Growing Sheep (Lamb rearing methods, age and
BW of lambs at weaning, DM, protein and fat content of the ewe milk, lamb fattening methods: length of the fattening, BW gain, final BW; protein, energy, and fibre requirements, feeds, daily amounts of feeds according to the age.)

A/17. Feeding and Nutrition of Ewes and Rams (Yearly cycle, protein, energy, and fibre requirements, flushing, feeds.)

A/18. Feeding and Nutrition of Pregnant and Lactating Goats, Kids, Young Goats
and Bucks (Yearly cycle, protein, energy, and fibre requirements, feeds.)

A/19. Types of Dog Foods, Nutrient Requirements of Healthy Dogs, Alternative
Feeding Methods (E.g. BARF, vegetarian) (Types of dog foods, comparison of diets
used for small and large breed dogs based on their energy and nutrient contents, feeding of small and large breed puppies: number of meals a day, explanation of that; specialities of diets made according to breeds, explanation of the different particle sizes of feeds, determination of the daily energy requirement, energy, protein, fibre, Ca, P, and sodium contents, arguments and counter-arguments of alternative feedings.)

A/20. Types of Cat Foods, Nutrient Requirements of Healthy Cats, Alternative
Feeding Methods (E.g. BARF, vegetarian) (Types of cat foods, comparison of diets
used for indoor and outdoor cats based on their energy and nutrient contents, number of meals a day, explanation of that; specialities of diets made according to breeds, explanation of the different particle sizes of feeds, determination of the daily energy requirement, energy, protein, fibre, Ca, P, and sodium contents, essential fatty acids, Arg, and vitamin-D requirements, arguments and counter-arguments of alternative feedings.)

A/21. Feeding and Nutrition of Broiler Chicks (BW at hatching and slaughter, length, and
periods of fattening, aim of feeding, explanation of the changes of dietary protein and energy densities, feed efficiency, physical form of diets, supplements, tap water intake.)

A/22. Feeding and Nutrition of Chicken Hybrids kept for Egg Production (Pullets
and Commercial Hens) (Length, and periods of pullet rearing, explanation of the changes of
dietary protein and energy densities, physical form of diets; hens: length of egg production, phases
of the laying period, number of eggs produced, egg size, dietary protein, energy, and Ca contents, explanation of the change of Ca requirement, physical form of diets; tendency of the light program: pullet rearing vs. laying period.)

A/23. Feeding and Nutrition of Turkey Hybrids (BW at hatching and slaughter, sex
dimorphism, length, and periods of fattening, aim of feeding, explanation of the changes of dietary protein and energy densities, feed efficiency, physical form of diets, supplements.)

A/24. Feeding and Nutrition of Roasting Ducks ((BW at hatching and slaughter, length, and
periods of fattening, aim of feeding, explanation of the changes of dietary protein and energy densities, feed efficiency, physical form of diets, supplements, tap water consumption, fattening technology.)

A/25. Feeding and Nutrition of Roasting Geese and Young Meat Geese (BW at hatching
and slaughter weights, length, and periods of fattening, aim of feeding, explanation of the changes of dietary protein and energy densities, feed efficiency, physical form of diets, supplements, tap water consumption, fattening technology.)

A/26. Production of Ducks’ and Geese’ Liver (Physiological background of fatty liver production, length of the force feeding, breeds, hybrids, genders used for liver production, feeds, technology, liver weight.)

A/27. Practical Feeding and Nutrition of Rabbit (Arrangement of rabbits on farms for meat
production, types of diets, dietary protein, energy, and fibre densities, compounds, and physical form of diets, feeding method and technology, length of fattening, slaughter weight, feed efficiency, specialities of rabbits kept for hobby.)

Question Group B. CLINICAL DIETETICS
B/1. Feed (Pasture, Grain) Associated Laminitis in Horses

B/2. Diet Associated Gastrointestinal Diseases of Horses (EGUS, dysbiosis, diarrhoea,
impaction.)

B/3. Dietetics of Obesity, Equine Metabolic Syndrome, and Chronic Starvation
of Horses

B/4. Miscellaneous Feed Associated Diseases of Horses (Airway diseases/asthma,
muscular disorders, PPID.)

B/5. The Most Important Metabolic Troubles of Periparturient Dairy Cows, and their Prevention. I. Rumen Acidosis (Reasons, consequences, prevention.)

B/6. The most Important Metabolic Troubles of Periparturient Dairy Cows, and their Prevention. II. Ketosis (Reasons, consequences, prevention.)

B/7. The Most Important Metabolic Troubles of Periparturient Dairy Cows, and their Prevention. III. Hypocalcaemia (Reasons, consequences, prevention.)

B/8. Measurement of the Milk Urea Level, its Role in the Herd Diagnosis, Practical
Applications. Herd and Individual Diagnosis Based on Milk and Urinary
Keton Bodies in Dairy Cattle, Ketonuric Index (Aims, measured parameters,
evaluation.)

B/9. Clinical Dietetics of Beef Cattle

B/10. The Most Important Metabolic Troubles of Sheep and Goats

B/11. Physiological and Biochemical Fundamentals of Special Cat Metabolic Disorders, Prevention and Treatment

B/12. Endocrinology, Genetics, and Dietetics of Obesity (Dogs, Cats) (Feeding management of obesity: theory and practice.)

B/13. Special Feeding Management of Senior Dogs, Cats, and Horses

B/14. Dietetics of Chronic Renal Failure (Dogs, Cats) (Pathophysiology, clinical
consequences, nutritional management.)

B/15. Dietary Management of Urolithiasis (Dogs, Cats) (Types of uroliths, aim of the feeding, nutritional management.)

B/16. Dietetics of Skin Diseases (Dogs, Cats) (Deficiencies, allergy, aim of the feeding,
nutritional management.)

B/17. Dietetics of Diabetes Mellitus (Dogs, Cats) (Types and reasons of diabetes, dietary
treatment of type 1 diabetes: protein, fibre, and fat content of the diet, explanations, glycemic index.)

B/18. Dietetics of Congestive Heart Failure (Dogs, Cats) (Pathophysiology, clinical
consequences, nutritional management.)

B/19. Dietetics of Pancreas Diseases (Dogs, Cats) (Types of pancreas diseases, clinical
symptoms, and their reasons, aim of feeding, nutritional management: characteristics of the diet, number of meals a day, physical form of the diet, supplements.)

B/20. Dietetics of Liver Diseases (Dogs, Cats) (Pathophysiology, clinical
consequences, aim of feeding, nutritional management.)

B/21. Influence of Nutrition on Skeletal Status (Dog, Cat) (Nutrient deficiencies and
surpluses, rearing of large breed puppies.)

B/22. Feeding of Hard-Working Dogs. Dietetic Treatment of Tumorous Dogs and
Cats (Working dogs: protein, and energy requirements, feeding management; tumorous animals: feeding principles.)

B/23. Feeding of Orphan Pups, Kittens, and Foals (Princip of the preparation of milk
replacers, feeding management.)

B/24. Non-Infectious Abortions (Please stress on reasons of nutrition related abortions!)

B/25. The Most Important Metabolic Troubles of Poultries (Discussed according to the age
and production directions of poultries.)

B/26. The Most Important Nutritional Troubles of Rabbit

Question Group C. DIGESTION PHYSIOLOGY, FEEDING BREEDING ANIMALS
C/1. Digestion Physiology of Swine

C/2. Digestion Physiology of Horse (Foals, adult, and senior horses.)

C/3. Applied Digestive Physiology of Ruminants. I. Fermentation of Carbohydrates
in the Rumen

C/4. Applied Digestive Physiology of Ruminants. II. Degradation and Synthesis of N
containing Substances in the Rumen

C/5. Applied Digestive Physiology of Ruminants. III. Degradation and Synthesis of
Fats in the Rumen, Dietary Fat Supplementation in ruminants

C/6. Compounds Having Advantageous Effects on Rumen Function and Metabolism

C/7. Digestive Physiology and Biology of Goats (Yearly cycle, DMI, specialities of nutrient
requirements.)

C/8. Digestive Physiology and Feeding Characteristics of Healthy Dogs

C/9. Digestive Physiology and Feeding Characteristics of Healthy Cats

C/10. Biology and Digestive Physiology of Rabbit

C/11. Digestive Physiology of Poultries and its Nutritional Consequences

C/12. Feeding and Nutrition of Breeding Turkeys (Flock Replacement Turkeys +
Layers) (Length and phases of the rearing period of flock replacement turkeys, explanation of
the phased feeding, protein, and energy contents of their diets; layers: length of egg production, phases of the laying period, number of eggs produced, egg size, dietary protein, energy, and Ca contents, physical form of diets.)

C/13. Feeding and Nutrition of Breeding Ducks (Duckling Breeders + Laying
Ducks) (Length and phases of the rearing period of duckling breeders, explanation of the phased
feeding, protein and energy contents of their diets; layers: length of egg production, phases of the laying period, number of eggs produced, egg size, dietary protein, energy, and Ca contents, physical form of diets.)

C/14. Feeding and Nutrition of Breeding Geese (Gosling Breeders + Laying Geese)
(Length and phases of the rearing period of gosling breedersys, , explanation of phased feeding, protein and energy contents of their diets; layers: length of egg production, phases of the laying period, number of eggs produced, egg size, dietary protein, energy, and Ca contents, physical form of diets.)

Budapest, 14 September 2020
István HULLÁR
assoc. professor, head of Division for Animal Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics