- Vet EN
|Description, acquired knowledge||The subject “Infectious diseases” is taught from the foundation of the school. Since infectious diseases have always been very important in Hungary, the subject receives a special emphasis in the curriculum. It comprises general epidemiology, infectious diseases of animals caused by viruses, prions and bacteria. In the case of the different infectious diseases the history, occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, postmortem lesions, diagnostic methods, differential diagnostics, treatment, prevention, control are discussed, but food hygienic and public health significance are also mentioned. Teaching is carried out in the form of lectures and practicals.|
|Competences (Day1 competencies)|| |
After absolving the subject, the students will be able to
· recognise and differentiate the different infectious diseases,
· introduce measures in order to prevent spread of infectious diseases,
· collect samples to laboratory diagnostic examination, transport them to the laboratory, and evaluate the results of the laboratory diagnostic examinations,
· treat diseased animals,
· implement necessary preventive and control measures,
· introduce measures in order to prevent human infections,
· prepare expertise regarding the disease,
· inform the owner and the workers in contact with the animals on further treatment and prevention,
· inform the official veterinary service and the human health service in statutory cases,
· inform the public on the disease.
|Prerequisite||Epidemiology, infectious diseases I.|
|Teaching staff|| |
· Fodor, László Professor
· Makrai, László Associate professor
· Tenk, Miklós Associate professor
|Plenary practicals|| |
· The topic of the plenary practicals is the differential diagnosis of infectious diseases of the different animal species.
· Attending the plenary practicals is compulsory. In case of absence – including justified ones (e.g. clinical work) – missing practicals have to be retaken. Retake happens in the form of a written exam, where a few questions in connection with the missed practical have to be answered.
· Plenary practicals are held in the form of two-hour-long sessions on the dates published on the homepage.
|Teaching environment|| |
· Lectures are held in the Marek lecture hall (Groups 1-5) and in the Tormay and Magyary-Kossa lecture halls (Groups 6-10), while the Marek lecture hall (Groups 1-5) and Magyary-Kossa lecture hall (Groups 6-10) are the place of the plenary practicals.
· Lectures are given in the form of power point presentations, clinical signs and lesions of certain diseases are shown on video film and slides.
· Power point presentations of the previous academic year can be downloaded in pdf files from the moodle homepage in order to help writing own notes.
· Pdf notes, narrated ppt files and videos on the lectures and plenary practicals will be available on the moodle platform.
|Laboratory diagnostic practical||After the successful examination, the students will have a 2-week-long “Laboratory diagnostic practical” in the 11th semester in the Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH), at different departments of the school or in diagnostic institutes abroad. The practical is evaluated and certified by the supervisor of the institution, and the students have to give a power point presentation on their diagnostic activity during the practical at the examination|
|Recommended literature|| |
· Aiello, S.E. (Ed. ch.): The Merck Veterinary Manual 11th Ed. Merck & Co. Inc. 2016 (https://www.merckvetmanual.com/)
· Gyles, C.L. et al. (Eds): Pathogenesis in bacterial infections in animals. 4th Ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
· Peek, S. – Divers, T.J. (Eds.): Rebhun’s Diseases of Dairy Cattle 3rd Ed. Elsevier, 2018
· Sellon, D.C., Long, M.T. (Eds) Equine infectious Diseases. 2nd Ed. Elsevier, 2013.
· Swayne, E.D. (Ed. ch.): Diseases of poultry. 14th Ed. Blackwell. 2020
· Sykes, J., Greene, C.E. (Ed.) Infectious diseases of the dog and cat. 4th Ed. Saunders, 2012
· Timoney, J.F. et al. (Eds.): Hagan and Brunner’s Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 8th Ed. Comstock Publishing Associates 1988.
· Zimmerman, J.J. et al. (Eds.): Diseases of swine. 11th Ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2019.
· Downloadable documents: Presentations (pdf, narrated power point presentations and videos) from the previous academic year are available on the moodle platform.
|Groups 1-5||Groups 6-10|
|7th February||8th February||Anthrax (Epi033), gas gangrene diseases caused by Clostridia (Epi034).|
|11th February||10th February||Gas gangrene diseases caused by Clostridia (Epi034), diseases caused by Clostridia (enterotoxaemic diseases, intoxications, clostridial diseases of poultry) (Epi035).|
|14thFebruary||15th February||Staphylococcosis, streptococcosis (Epi036).|
|18th February||17t h February||Erysipelas (Epi037), Listeriosis (Epi038), diseases caused by Corynebacteria (Epi039).|
|21st February||22ndFebruary||Actinomycosis, nocardiosis, dermatophilosis, diseases caused by R. equi (Epi041).|
|25th February||24th February||Diseases caused by E. coli (Epi042).|
|28th February||1st March||Tuberculosis (Epi040).|
|4th March||3rd March||Tuberculosis, paratuberculosis (Epi040), necrobacillosis, panaritium (Epi043).|
|7th March||8th March||Salmonelloses (Epi044).|
|11th March||10th March||Salmonelloses (Epi044).|
|18th March||17th March||Yersinioses (Epi045), Pasteurelloses (Epi046).|
|17th March 11.15-13.00
|21st March||22nd March||Brucellosis (Epi048).|
|25th March||24th March||Brucellosis (Epi048), tularaemia (Epi049).|
|28th March||29th March||Actinobacilloses (Epi047), haemophiloses, CEM (Epi047).|
|1st April||31st March||Diseases caused by Bordetellae and Bartonellae (Epi050), diseases caused by Moraxellae, malleus, melioidosis (Epi051)|
|4th April||5th April||Diseases caused by Campylobacter spp., proliferative enteropathies of swine (Epi052).|
|8th April||7th April||Diseases caused by Spirochaetes (Epi053).|
|22nd April||19th April||Diseases caused by Spirochaetes (Epi053).|
|23rd April||21st April||Chlamydioses (Epi055).|
|25th April||26th April||Mycoplasmoses (Epi054).|
|29th April||28th April||Mycoplasmoses (Epi054), Q-fever, Rickettsioses (Epi056).|
|2nd May||3rd May||Q-fever, Rickettsioses (Epi056).|
|6th May||5th May||Reserve|
Practical lessons theme
|07.02-11.02||Transmissible encephalopathies (Epi032)|
|14.02-18.02.||Differential diagnosis of diseases of cattle caused by bacteria (Epi108).|
|21.02-25.02.||Differential diagnosis of diseases of sheep and goats caused by bacteria (25th February 13.15-15.00 Magyary-Kossa lecture hall).|
|28.02-04.03.||Differential diagnosis of diseases of horses caused by bacteria (Epi110).|
|21.03-25.03||Pasteurelloses, anatipestifer disease, ornithobacteriosis (Epi046)|
|28.03-01.04.||Differential diagnosis of diseases of poultry caused by bacteria (Epi113).|
|04.04-08.04.||Differential diagnosis of diseases of swine caused by bacteria (Epi109).|
|25.04-29.04.||Differential diagnosis of diseases of dogs and cats caused by bacteria.|
|2nd May||Retake in Hetzel Henrik lecture hall 7.15|
|Evaluation of the examination||· Excellent (5): The student shows high level of knowledge in all areas (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of all the three questions, and understands the internal connections of the topics.
· Good (4): The student shows high level of knowledge in all areas (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of at least two questions including the notifiable disease or the disease of great importance. He/she understands the internal connections of the topics. The student has good knowledge on the focal points (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of the third question.
· Medium (3): The student shows high level of knowledge in all areas (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of the question regarding the notifiable disease or the disease of great importance. He/she understands the internal connections of the topic. The student has solid knowledge (above 50%) on the focal points (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of the other two questions.
· Satisfactory (2): The student has solid knowledge (above 50%) on the focal points (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of all the three questions.
· Unsatisfactory (1): There are major gaps in the knowledge of the student on the focal points (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention, control, public health) of one or more questions.
|Conditions of accepting the semester||· Writing both midterms at least on “pass” level.
· Attending all practicals, retake of the missing ones.
|Midterms||· There are two written midterm tests in this semester.
· The midterms are on the 2nd March and 22nd April at 20.30 o’clock. The first midterm includes topics till the lecture on the 22nd February, and in the second there will be questions about the diseases discussed till the lecture on the 5th April inclusive.
· The students write the midterms online using the moodle platform.
· The retakes will be on the 9th March and 27th April at 20.30 o’clock.
· The re-retake will be on 29th April at 19 o’clock.
· There are 80 statements in each of the tests; the students have to mark whether they are true or false.
· Evaluation: Excellent (75-80 points), Good (70-74 points), Medium (65-69 points), Satisfactory (60-64 points). Unsatisfactory (59 point or less)
· There is a retake after each midterm for students who were absent or failed.
|Examination||· Lectures serve as the basis of the subject, active participation at the lectures is precondition of a successful examination.
· The exams take place at the Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (Budapest, XIV. Hungária krt. 23-25.).
· Students can sign up the exams through the NEPTUN system.
· The exam begins at 7.30.
· The exams happen in front of a committee of two teachers.
· The exam consists of two parts, a written and an oral one.
· The results of the exams will be made public after the last exam.
· The exam can be retaken earliest on the 4th day after the failed one.
· If the exams cannot be organised in the above form because of the epidemy, a written exam will take place. Information on it will be provided later.
|Rules of the examination||· Coats, bags have to be left at the Secretariat; the examinee can carry only pen, pencil, handkerchief, personal documents, wallet, keys, medicine and drinks.
· If the examinee has to interrupt the exam or the preparation because of going to the toilet, he/she will get three more questions in addition to his/her questions and the examiners ask him/her about them, too.
· The examinee is not allowed to have a mobile phone or any technical equipment with him/her not even in a switched off state. If somebody keeps such a technical device with him/her, the exam will be finished and will be regarded failed (note 1).
· Cheating (use of aid, discussion with other students etc.) will result failed exam (Note 1).
|Written examination||· Place: Students’ practical room at the department
· Time: 7.30-7.50 (in case of delayed arrival of the students the timeframe will be shorter).
· Content: Students receive a test sheet with 28 statements, and they have to mark whether they are true or false. The questions are similar to that of the midterms.
· The tests are evaluated on the spot and the students are informed if they can continue the exam.
· Evaluation: A minimum of 21 correct answers are the precondition of the oral exam.
|Oral examination||· Students draw 3 questions from the previously published list. Out of them one question is about a notifiable disease or a disease of great importance.
· After having a 30-minute-long preparation they have to summarise their knowledge on the topics in a presentation of each 5-7 minutes long, then answer the questions of the teachers.
· The average length of the exam is 30 minutes.