- Vet EN
|Description, acquired knowledge||The subject “Infectious diseases” is taught from the foundation of the school. Since infectious diseases have always been very important in Hungary, the subject receives a special emphasis in the curriculum. It comprises general epidemiology, infectious diseases of animals caused by viruses, prions and bacteria. In the case of the different infectious diseases the history, occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, postmortem lesions, diagnostic methods, differential diagnostics, treatment, prevention, control are discussed, but food hygienic and public health significance are also mentioned. Teaching is carried out in the form of lectures and practicals.|
After absolving the subject, the students will be able to
· recognise and differentiate the different infectious disease,
· introduce measures in order to prevent spreading of infectious diseases,
· collect samples to laboratory diagnostic examination, transport them to the laboratory, and evaluate the results of the laboratory diagnostic examinations,
· treat diseased animals,
· implement necessary preventive and control measures,
· introduce measures in order to prevent human infections,
· prepare expertise regarding the disease,
· inform the owner and the workers in contact with the animals on further treatment and prevention,
· inform the official veterinary service and the human health service in statutory cases,
· inform the public on the disease.
|Prerequisite||Epidemiology, infectious diseases I.|
|Teaching staff|| |
· Fodor, László Professor
· Makrai, László Associate professor
· Rusvai, Miklós Professor
|Plenary practicals|| |
· The topic of the plenary practicals is the differential diagnosis of infectious diseases of the different animal species.
· Attending the plenary practicals is compulsory. In case of absence – including justified ones (e.g. clinical work) – missing practicals have to be retaken. Retake happens in the form of a written exam where a few questions in connection with the missed practical have to be answered.
· Plenary practicals are held in the form of two-hour-long sessions on the dates published on the homepage.
· The plenary practicals are held online in this semester because of the restriction measures due to the coronavirus epidemics.
|Teaching environment|| |
· Lectures are held in Hetzel lecture hall and in the Magyary-Kossa lecture hall, while the Marek lecture hall is the place of the plenary practicals.
· Lectures are given in the form of power point presentations, clinical signs and lesions of certain diseases are shown on video film and slides.
· Power point presentations of the previous academic year can be downloaded in pdf files from the homepage in order to help writing own notes.
· Lectures and plenary practicals are streamed because of the coronavirus epidemics.
· Pdf notes, narrated ppt files and videos on the lectures and plenary practicals will be available on the moodle platform.
|Laboratory diagnostic practical||After the successful examination, the students will have a 2-week-long “Laboratory diagnostic practical” in the Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate of the National Food Chain Safety Office (NÉBIH), at different departments of the school or in diagnostic institutes abroad. The practical is evaluated and certified by the supervisor of the institution, and the students have to give a presentation on their activity during the practical at the examination|
|Recommended literature|| |
· Aiello, S.E. (Ed. ch.): The Merck Veterinary Manual 11th Ed. Merck & Co. Inc. 2016 (https://www.merckvetmanual.com/)
· Gyles, C.L. et al. (Eds): Pathogenesis in bacterial infections in animals. 4th Ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
· Peek, S. – Divers, T.J. (Eds.): Rebhun’s Diseases of Dairy Cattle 3rd Ed. Elsevier, 2018
· Sellon, D.C., Long, M.T. (Eds) Equine infectious Diseases. 2nd Ed. Elsevier, 2013.
· Swayne, E.D. (Ed. ch.): Diseases of poultry. 14th Ed. Blackwell. 2020
· Sykes, J., Greene, C.E. (Ed.) Infectious diseases of the dog and cat. 4th Ed. Saunders, 2012
· Timoney, J.F. et al. (Eds.): Hagan and Brunner’s Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 8th Ed. Comstock Publishing Associates 1988.
· Zimmerman, J.J. et al. (Eds.): Diseases of swine. 11th Ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2019.
· Downloadable documents: Power point presentations from the previous academic year are uploaded to the documents section of the subject on the university homepage in order to support students in making own notes.
|Conditions of accepting the semester|| |
· Writing both midterms at least on “pass” level.
· Attending all practicals, retake of the missing ones.
|8th February||Streptococcoses (Epi036), Erysipelas (Epi037)|
|9th February||Listeriosis (Epi038), Diseases caused by Corynebacteria (Epi039)|
|15th February||Tuberculosis (Epi040)|
|16th February||Paratuberculosis (Epi040), Necrobacillosis, panaritium (Epi043)|
|22nd February||Actinomycosis, nocardiosis, dermatophilosis, diseases caused by R. equi (Epi041), Diseases caused by E. coli (Epi042)|
|23rd February||Diseases caused by E. coli (Epi042)|
|1st March||Salmonelloses (Epi044)|
|2nd March||Salmonelloses (Epi044)|
|8th March||Yersinioses (Epi045), Pasteurelloses (Epi046)|
|9th March||Pasteurelloses (Epi046)|
|16th March||Pasteurelloses, anatipestifer disease, ornithobacteriosis (Epi046)|
|22nd March||Brucellosis (Epi048)|
|23rd March||Brucellosis (Epi048), Tularaemia (Epi049)|
|6th April||Actinobacilloses (Epi047), Haemophiloses, CEM (Epi047)|
|12th April||Diseases caused by Bordetellae and Bartonellae (Epi050), Diseases caused by Moraxellae, malleus, melioidosis (Epi051)|
|13th April||Diseases caused by Campylobacter spp., proliferative enteropathies of swine (Epi052)|
|19th April||Diseases caused by Spirochaetes (Epi053)|
|20th April||Diseases caused by Spirochaetes (Epi053)|
|26th April||Diseases caused by Spirochaetes (Epi053), Mycoplasmoses (Epi054)|
|27th April||Mycoplasmoses (Epi054)|
|3rd May||Chlamydioses (Epi055), Q-fever, Rickettsioses (Epi056)|
|4th May||Q-fever, Rickettsioses (Epi056)|
Practical lessons theme
|11th February||No practicals.|
|18th February||Differential diagnosis of diseases of sheep and goats caused by viruses.|
|25th February||Differential diagnosis of diseases of cattle caused by bacteria.|
|4th March||Differential diagnosis of diseases of swine caused by bacteria.|
|11th March||Differential diagnosis of diseases of horses caused by bacteria.|
|18th March||Differential diagnosis of diseases of dogs and cats caused by bacteria.|
|25th March||Differential diagnosis of diseases of sheep and goats caused by bacteria.|
|1st April||Easter holiday|
|8th April||No practicals.|
|15th April||Differential diagnosis of diseases of poultry caused by bacteria.|
|22th April||No practicals|
|29th April||No practicals|
|5th May||Retake in Hetzel Henrik lecture hall 7.15|
|Evaluation of the examination||· Excellent (5): The student shows high level of knowledge in all areas (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of all the three questions, and understands the internal connections of the topics.
· Good (4): The student shows high level of knowledge in all areas (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of at least two questions including the notifiable disease or the disease of great importance. He/she understands the internal connections of the topics. The student has good knowledge on the focal points (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of the third question.
· Medium (3): The student shows high level of knowledge in all areas (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of the question regarding the notifiable disease or the disease of great importance. He/she understands the internal connections of the topic. The student has solid knowledge (above 50%) on the focal points (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of the other two questions.
· Satisfactory (2): The student has solid knowledge (above 50%) on the focal points (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, pathological lesions, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, public health) of all the three questions.
· Unsatisfactory (1): There are major gaps in the knowledge of the student on the focal points (occurrence, aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention, control, public health) of one or more questions.
|Midterms||· There are two written midterm tests in this semester.
· The midterms are on the 18th February and 15th April at 19.00 o’clock. The first midterm includes topics till the lecture on the 9th February, and in the second there will be questions about the diseases discussed till the lecture on the 6th April inclusive.
· The students write the midterms online using the unipoll platform.
· The retakes will be on the 25th February and 22nd April at 19.00 o’clock.
· The re-retake will be on 29th April at 19 o’clock.
· There are 80 statements in each of the tests; the students have to mark whether they are true or false.
· Evaluation: Excellent (75-80 points), Good (70-74 points), Medium (65-69 points), Satisfactory (60-64 points). Unsatisfactory (59 point or less)
· There is a retake after each midterm for students who were absent or failed.
|Examination||· Lectures serve as the basis of the subject, active participation at the lectures is precondition of a successful examination.
· The exams take place at the Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (Budapest, XIV. Hungária krt. 23-25.).
· Students can sign up the exams through the NEPTUN system.
· The exam begins at 7.30.
· The exams happen in front of a committee of two teachers.
· The exam consists of two parts, a written and an oral one.
· The results of the exams will be made public after the exams.
· The exam can be retaken earliest on the 4th day after the failed one.
· If the exams cannot be organised in the above form, a written exam will take place. Information on it will be provided later.
|Rules of the examination||· Coats, bags have to be left at the Secretariat; the examinee can carry only pen, pencil, handkerchief, personal documents, wallet, keys, medicine and drinks.
· If the examinee has to interrupt the exam or the preparation because of going to the toilet, he/she will get three more questions in addition to his/her questions and the examiners ask him/her about them, too.
· The examinee is not allowed to have a mobile phone or any technical equipment with him/her not even in a switched off state. If somebody keeps such a technical device with him/her, the exam will be finished and will be regarded failed (note 1).
· Cheating (use of aid, discussion with other students etc.) will result failed exam (Note 1).
|Written examination||· Place: Students’ practical room at the department
· Time: 7.30-7.50 (in case of delayed arrival of the students the timeframe will be shorter).
· Content: Students receive a test sheet with 28 statements, and they have to mark whether they are true or false. The questions are similar to that of the midterms.
· The tests are evaluated on the spot and the students are informed if they can follow the exam.
· Evaluation: A minimum of 21 correct answers are the precondition of the oral exam.
|Oral examination||· Students draw 3 questions from the previously published list. Out of them one question is about a notifiable disease or a disease of great importance.
· After having a 30-minutes-long preparation they have to summarise their knowledge on the topics in a presentation of each 5-7 minutes long then answer the questions of the teachers.
· The average length of the exam is 30 minutes.