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Education Courses Paleophysiology

Paleophysiology

Language
English
Nature
optional C
Method of evaluation
semi-final examination
Year in the curriculum
2
Semester in the curriculum
4
Credits
2
Lectures
26
Allow for
  • Vet EN
  • Biology BSc
  • Biologist MSc

Course description

The course that allows insight into physiological mechanisms and principles from an aspect fully different from that of regular subjects, is devoted primarily for veterinary students, however it well completes the curriculum of the Biology BSc and MSc students. The goal of the course is to present the phylogenetic development of the most important physiological phenomena by mean of the recent findings. The course discusses the physiological features and inventions of the main groups of ancient creatures, and their way of adaptation to environmental conditions. The subject ends with a short summary of the major evolutionary processes and principles.

Lectures theme

Origin and classification of the Metazoans,  the first invertebrates; Mollusca & Arthropods (soft-bodied invertebrates, Trilobitomorpha, Chelicerata & Myriapoda, Hexapoda & Crustacea)

Evolution of fishes (origin of the vertebrates, jaws evolution)

Origin of basal Tetrapods (gaining ground, amphibians, rise of reptiles)

Dinosaurs I. (effect of food and habitat on the diversification, engineering and movement)

Dinosaurs II. (metabolism and thermoregulation, reproduction paleopathology)

Bird evolution I. (niche for flying creatures, evolution of wings, feathers and bill)

Bird evolution II. (engineering and movement; respiration, reproduction)

Mammals I. (mammal-like reptiles, paleoecological background for rise of mammals, thermoregulation and metabolism)

Mammals II. (growth and development, sense organs and nervous system)

Mammals III. (marsupial evolution, the line to humans)

Mechanisms of evolution I. (diversification of life, evolutionary  paleontology, species selection, adaptation and evolutionary transitions)

Mechanisms of evolution II. (generalization, long-term fluctuations in diversity and extinctions, large-scale patterns, trends and radiations)

Evaluation description

written exam