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Education Courses Pathology 3 – Mammalian pathology (36-100. topics)

Pathology 3 – Mammalian pathology (36-100. topics)

Method of evaluation
final exam
Year in the curriculum
Semester in the curriculum
Practical lessons
veterinary (English)
Allow for
  • Vet EN

Course description

Special pathology deals mainly with the pathological changes related to specific diseases and pathogens. The dissection practicals are also important part requiring the active participation of the students. The skills of recognizing the pathological changes and the description of the found lesions can only be developed with permanent practicing and keen observation.

Lectures theme

1. week

Pathology of the airways and lungs 1.

2. week

Pathology of the lungs 2.

3. week

Pathology of the heart

4. week

Pathology of the arteries, serous membranes, lungs 3.

5. week

Pathology of the kidneys

6. week

Pathology of the spleen, bone marrow, lymph nodes

7. week

Pathology of the kidneys and lower urinary tract

8. week

Pathology of the genital organs

9. week

Pathology of the placenta and the fetus

10. week

SPRING HOLIDAY (10th of April)

11. week

Pathology of the central nervous system 1.

12. week

Pathology of the central nervous system 2.

13. week


14. week

Pathology of the peripheral nervous system

Pathology of  the integumentary system and the endocrine organs

15. week

Pathology of the bones, joints, muscles and tendons

Evaluation description

The 8th semester closes with the final exam in special pathology. The exam consists of 3 parts. We check the knowledge of the students in dissection, histopathology and the theoretical knowledge (Pathology 1, 3).
The final (5-scale) grade will be evaluated based on the performance during the whole exam.

The exam dates for the Histopathology and Dissection exams are: 28th of April and 5th of May. Date of retake: 12th of May.

In the regular exam period of the semester, the students have to take the oral exam (after having passed Histopathology and Dissection exams), which contains 2 topics from the mammalian special pathology subject (topics 1-100).

Optional additional study material beside lecture notes:

  • Jubb, Kennedy and Palmer’s: Pathology of Domestic Animals Volumes 1-3

Exam information

Before the exam (written, oral or practical) we check the students’ identity, therefore every student should bring the blackbook, or valid identity card/student card/passport. Without any of these documents the student can not sit the exam.

The final exam covers the topics lectured during the 6th and 8th semester. It has 3 parts:

Part 1.: Dissection
The technical skills and the diagnostic ability are examined. Some related theoretical questions may come up during the dissection if relevant. This exam is marked with “pass” or “fail”. Passing the practical part is required to sit the oral exam. The Dissection exam is organized separately from the oral part of the final exam, see above.

Part 2.: Histopathology exam
The students have to recognize and diagnose in details one randomly chosen section from the topics of histopathology practicals. Simple recognition of the sections without being able to explain the observed lesions is not enough to pass the exam.
The Histopathology exam is organized separately from the oral part of the final exam, on a given day of the week (see above). If the knowledge of the student was not acceptable, the histopathology exam has to be repeated on the next histopathology exam date or before the other 2 parts on the same day with the rest of the final exam.

Part 3.: Theory
The last part is an oral exam. Fulfillment of the Dissection and Histopathology part is required to take the oral exam. The students pick 2 from the 100 mammalian topics. There is about half an hour to prepare the answers, the students can answer the topics in any desired order and it is not obligatory to write notes.
In case the student performs on an inappropriate level, has to repeat the complete theoretical exam even if some of the topics were acceptable. The histopathology and dissection grades are valid for more exam periods, if graded satisfactory or above.

On the exam (written, oral or practical) it is forbidden to use or to even have in pockets any kind of electronic device, mobile phone, headset, etc. , no matter if it is switched off. If we find any of these devices during the exam, or the student commit cheating of any manner (see it in the university’s detailed exam rules), the exam cannot be continued, the student fails immediately, without any consideration. The act of cheating will be reported to the Secretariat for International Study-Programs. The appeal does not lie.

During the exam please try to avoid using the bathroom, however if the student must leave the place of examination, no more notes can be written.

Everyone has three opportunities to take the exam in the regular exam period. If the student does not appear in the agreed time, one of her/his opportunities is lost. The minimal waiting-time for repetition of a failed exam is 3 days.

The students need to register for the exam via Neptun system. Deadline for exam-(de)registration is 12 am of the previous working day.
In case of any doubt please contact the secretary of the Department ( or Dr Mira Mandoki (

The detailed exam rules can be found at the University homepage.