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1. General information

Student handout »

Short History of the Department

Department of Veterinary Medicine was funded in 1786 as part of the University of Pest established by King Josef II, which institution already dealt actively with the education of surgery. Students for human medicine of the University compulsorily studied surgical aethiology and operative surgery accompanied by subject of veterinary medicine performed by S. Tolnay on the basis of surgical textbook edited by Prof. Wolstein from Vienna (1785). At that time veterinary surgery remained at„second level” behind the human medicine. Remarkable progress in the education of veterinarysurgery was achieved under V. Zlamal (1803-1886) recognising the impotance of surgery as an independent subject completing it with other related disciplines. The first teacher of surgery was F.Varga, a medical doctor, who was an assistant of Prof. Balassa, the founder of hungarian operative surgery. In 1870 the „Special Surgical and Operative Department” was established and moved into present-day buildings in Rottenbiller street. B. Plósz, at the time of his heading, completely recontructed and reorganised the department, indroduced conditions of surgical asepsis and operative surgery. He was outstanding in orthopaedics and abdominal surgery of the horse. Following head of the department, M. Berrár (1884-1929) was an internationally accepted expert of veterinary surgery and ophthalmology. Radiological unit was established by E.Gy. Guoth after 1929. Gy. Kómár, then A.B. Kovács took part in the foundation of hoof and abdominal surgery of the horse and cattle. L. Tamás headed the department between 1981 and 1989 contributing to the progress of equine surgery followed by J. Tóth, the major renewer and reconstructor of the department developing the institution onto a reasonable European level both in large and small animal surgery with regard to both instrumentation and special work. After years under supervision by Prof. Tamás and Ferenc Felkai as curators, Tibor Németh has been the Assoc. Professor and Head of Surgery since 2005.


6th semester:

  • Radiology (Dr. Arany Tóth – Dr. Tóth)
  • Anaesthesiology (Dr. Dunay – Dr. Makra)

7th semester:

  • General Surgery, Surgical Diagnostics (Dr. Németh – Dr. Szabó – Dr. Izing)
  • Detailed Soft Tissue Surgery I. (Dr. Németh – Dr. Molnár – Dr. Tóth – Dr. Izing)

8th semester:

  • Detailed Soft Tissue Surgery II. (Dr. Németh – Dr. Izing)
  • General and detailed orthopaedics (Dr. Zólyomi -Dr. Ipolyi-Dr. Izing)
  • Neurosurgery Dr. Zólyomi – Dr. Ipolyi)

10th semester:

  • Ophthalmology (Dr. Szentgáli – Dr. Makra)

Short description of subjects


  • Physical principles and technical background of radiography
  • Radiographic diagnostics of different regions – in large and small animals


  • Principles of anesthesiology
  • Anesthesiology of premedication
  • General anesthesiology
  • Local anesthesiology
  • Analgesia
  • Anesthesia of different species

General Surgery:

  • Animal handling
  • Surgical basic and supplementary diagnostics
  • Classification, forms and treatments of wounds
  • Shock
  • Anti-inflammatory agents, antibiotics

Soft Tissue Surgery:

  • General operative surgery
  • Surgery of the head and neck
  • Surgery of the upper airways and thorax
  • Surgery of hernias
  • Abdominal surgery

Orthopedics and Neurology:

  • Surgical diseases of the bones and joints
  • Diseases of tendons, tendon sheaths and bursae
  • Lameness diagnostics in large and small animals
  • Limb diseases in the horse
  • Limb diseases of the cattle and sheep
  • Principles in bone and joint surgery
  • Principles of veterinary neurology (diseases of the spine, diagnostics, therapy)


  • Ophthalmologic basic and supplementary examinations
  • Anatomy and physiology of the eye
  • Congenital and acquired ophthalmologic conditions in large and small animals

Elective courses:

  • Specific operative procedures in small animal soft tissue surgery (Prof. Németh T.)
    • Program »

2. Downloadable material

The updated material of the lectures can be downloaded from HERE. Older versions are available from the left menu window.

3. Timetable of surgery courses, 2018 spring

Timetable 2018 Spring HUN+ENG, Surgery, Ophthalmology »

4. Educational and Examination Requirements

Attendance the lectures is compulsory, the examinations are based on the topics mentioned. The attendance each practical as well as maximum 2 unsuccessful written entrance tests per semester at large animal practicals are the conditions of obtaining the semester certification signature. White coat and stetoscope are necessary for practicals.

The 6th semester is followed by a written Semi-final examination (Surgery I), which covers radiology and anaesthesiology (25+25 questions from either subject, Radiology includes 12 picture connected questions, total time is 50 minutes). The dates of the written examination are assigned according to the agreement with sudents.

The written Final examination of surgery (Surgery III) is being held at the end of the 8th semester. The „Surgical Positive Educational Encouraging System (SPEES)” will be introduced for your class from 2013/2014: certain number of points will be approved for students who show up at the Surgery lecture at the random check events (3 events/semester) during the 7th and 8th semester according to the following order: 1 event=3, 2 events=8 and all the 3 events=15 points per semester. These points will be added to the overall points achieved at Surgery Final Test (maximum test point number is 90), thus one can collect 1/3 of the maximum points of the final test attending lectures regularly (which is otherwise compulsory).

The written Final examination of surgery is being held at the end of the 8th semester. The written Semi-final examination of ophthalmology is at the end of the 10th semester
Any further detailed and actual information is found on the department’s website and the information board at the entrance of the Surgery Lecture Hall. The students are kindly asked to follow these information regularly. Making appointment at the surgery secreteriat is possible on personal or objective purpose.

Topic list for the ophthalmology exam »

Ophthalmology, Curriculum of Subject »

Surgery, Curriculum of Subject »

5. Exam dates

see Neptun.

6. Exam results

see Neptun

7. Recommended textbooks

  • AUER&SICK: Equine Surgery 4th Ed. St. Louis: Elsevier-Saunders, 2012.
  • BAXTER: Adams and Stashak’s Lameness in Horses 6th Ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
  • BRINKER, PIERMATTEI and FLO: Handbook of Small Animal Orthopedics and Fracture Repair 4th edition Saunders Elsevier 2006
  • BUTLER DYSON, POULUS ET AL.: Clinical Radiology of the Horse 3rd Ed. Oxford: Wiley, John&Sons, 2008.
  • DENOIX: The Equine Distal Limb. London: Manson Publishing, 2005.
  • DIK&GUNSSER: Atlas of Diagnostic Radiology of the Horse 2nd Ed. Hannover: Schlütersche, 2002.
  • FOSSUM, T.W.: Small Animal Surgery, 4th Edition, Elsevier 2012.
  • FUBINI&DUCHARME: Farm Animal Surgery, Saunders, 2004.
  • GAYNOR J.S., MUIR W.W.: Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management, 2nd ed, Mosby 2008
  • LAVIN, L.M.: Radiography in Veterinary Technology 3rd ed., 2002., Saunders
  • PIERMATTEI D., JOHNSON A.K. An atlas of surgical approaches to the bones and joints of the dog and cat. 4th edition Saunders 2004
  • REEF: Equine Diagnostic Ultrasound. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1998.
  • ROSS&DYSON: Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse 2nd ed. Saunders, 2011.
  • SALLY M. TURNER: Small Animal Ophtalmology, Saunders, Elsevier 2008.
  • SEYMOUR C., DUKE-NOVAKOVSKI T.: BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Anaesthesia and Analgesia 2nd ed., 2007.
  • SLATTER, D.H.: Fundamentals of veterinary ophthalmology. Philadelphia, Saunders, 4th. edition, 2002.
  • SLOVIS: Atlas of Equine Endoscopy. Mosby, 2003.
  • STASHAK&THEORET: Equine Wound Management 2nd Ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
  • STASHAK, T. S.: Adams’ lameness in horses. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 2002.
  • THRALL, D.E.: Textbook of Veterinary Diagnostic Radiology. 6th ed London: W.B. Saunders, 2012.
  • TOBIAS, K.M.-JOHNSTON, S.A.: Veterinary Surgery – Small animal. 1st ed. Elsevier 2012.
  • TRANQUILLI W. J., THURMON J. C., GRIMM K. A.: Lumb & Jones’ Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia 4th ed., 2007.