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Education Courses Small Animal Medicine I.

Small Animal Medicine I.

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Course description

General information and requirements for Small Animal Medicine I
2020 spring semester


General information and lecture notes can be downloaded from the website of the University:; select the course; then click on “Documents” on the right side of the page. Password: your own Neptun code and password


Preliminary requirements: Pathophysiology

Credit: 5

Number of lectures: 60×45 min

Number of practicals: 45×45 min



The program of the lectures can be found at the University website and it will be sent to the contact student at the beginning of the semester. Lecture topics will cover the followings: Internal Medicine Diagnostics, Anaesthesiology, and Radiology.

As the attendance on the lectures is obligatory an attendance list may be written on the lectures. Students missing more lecture than it is allowed by the Academic rules and regulation cannot have their black book signed for the semester. Each lecture can be downloaded from the website.

Lecture halls:

Internal Medicine Diagnostics: Hetzel Henrik Lecture Hall

Radiology and Anaesthesiology: Hetzel Henrik Lecture Hall


Knowing the lecture material of the actual topic from Internal Medicine Diagnostics, Anaesthesiology and Radiology is necessary for the practical lessons. Written test or oral presentation is a part of each practical lesson. White coat and thermometer (necessary from the 1st practical) and phonendoscope (necessary from the 3rd practical) are obligatory for the practical lessons of Internal Diagnostic and white coat for the radiology and anaesthesiology practicals.

Attending the practicals is obligatory. Missing only acceptable if it is due to illness or official university activity (e.g.: clinical shift). Missed Internal Medicine Diagnostic practical work must be repeated during the last week of the semester after personal consultation. In case of missed practice of radiology or anaesthesiology oral report is necessary with the responsible teacher after consultation. Verification of the missed practicals is necessary. Temporary change of groups for the practicals are unacceptable, and only permitted in case of illness proved by medical paper. Students missing more practicals than it is allowed by the Academic rules and regulation cannot have their black book signed for the semester.

Practical halls:

Internal Medicine Diagnostics: László Papp seminar room (Department of Internal Medicine, 1st floor) or Buildin M practical room. For further information please see the thematics.

Anaesthesiology and Radiology: building B practical room

Practical topics are available on the website, and will be sent to the contact student at the beginning of the semester.



The Small Animal Medicine exam consits of 4 parts:

  • radiology and anaesthesiology practical grade (the mean grade of the practical tests)
  • Internal Medicine Diagnostics computer test grade
  • Internal Medicine Diagnostics oral exam grade
  • Internal Medicine Diagnostics practical grade


Computer test:

Place of the exam: Building N 3rd floor, HEFOP 1 or 2 computer lab

Time of the test: 8 o’clock in the morning, please arrive at least 10 minutes earlier

  • Record-books (black books) should be shown for identification at the start of the exam
  • After accepting the program’s user manual students type their name, then confirme with the „OK” button.
  • There is a 35 minute time frame for the exam, which consists of 20 randomly generated questions-
  • After finishing the exam, the program will display the final result.
  • During the exam students can see the number of the question at the upper left corner and the elapsed time at upper right corner of the display. Navigation between questions is possible with the buttons visible at the down part of the monitor.
  • There are 3 types of clearly marked questions
  1. simple choice question
  2. questions with a picture: only one answer can be marked
  3. multiple choice question (withdrawal of your choice is possible by clicking again on the answer)
  • During the exam changing the given answers is possible
  • The exam ends when students click ont he „end exam” button
  • Every good single choice answer is 3 points, good multiple choice questions are 2 points, every wrong multiple choice answer is -1 point.


Oral exam:

Place of the exam: László Papp seminar room or Building M practical room

Theoretical question: students have to choose one question from the given topics.

Practical question: students have to choose one question from the given topics, then they have to examine the animal and write down their findings.


Failed exam:

In case of one part of the exam is failed then the whole exam is unsuccessful, the student will receive a grade 1 evaluation, which is registered in the black book and the NEPTUN system as well. If the student reached at least grade 2 at the computer test, it is not necessary to rewrite it, only if the student wants to reach a better grade. In case of failing one question at the oral exam, then the whole oral exam part is failed.

Sign up for the Internal Medicine Diagnostic exam is possible at the NEPTUN system (minimum 8 students, maximum 25 students per day including Hungarian and foreign students together).

Postpone an exam is possible only during the regular exam period if there is (are) empty place(s)

on the Neptun for that particular day. Postponing an exam is allowed only till 12.00 a.m. of the preceding working day (i.e. till 12.00 a.m. of Friday if the exam happens on Monday) as to the relevant regulation of the Faculty of Veterinary Science.

Lectures theme



(SA clinical diagnostics, radiology and anesthesia)

2019/2020/2nd semester / 3rd year

Tuesday: 8.15-10.00; Wednesday: 14.15-15.00: Hetzel H. lecture hall

        Friday 8.15-10.00: Hetzel H. lecture hall



Topic Lecturer No hours Date
The aim and methods of the clinical examinations of the different organs. Sterczer, Á. 2 Febr 4
The different types of diagnoses. Documenting the results of the clinical examinations. Signalment (Nationale). Sterczer, Á. 1 Feb 5
History of x-ray, physical properties. Anatomy of x-ray machine, the x-ray beam, the x-ray image. Analogue and digital image receptors. Arany-Tóth, A 2 Feb 7
How to take the history (anamnesis), parts of the history. Parts of the status praesens. General impression. Basic clinical values Sterczer, Á. 2 Feb 11
Examination of the lymph nodes. Sterczer, Á. 1 Feb 12
Radiation safety. Radiography in practice, exposure, preparation of the animals, positioning, digital image archive. Molnár, P

Arany-Tóth, A

Feb 14
Examination of the mucous membranes. Examination of the respiratory system I. Upper airways: nose, rhinorrhea, expired air Sterczer, Á 2 Feb 18
Examination of the respiratory system II  paranasal sinuses, cough, pharynx, larynx, trachea Sterczer, Á. 1 Feb 19
Radiography of the abdomen. Radiography of the thorax I Arany-Tóth, A 2 Feb 21
Examination of the respiratory system III: Inspection and palpation of the thorax. Respiratory movement, respiration. Dyspnoe. Palpation of the thorax

Auscultation of the respiratory system. Origin of the respiratory sounds.

Sterczer, Á.


Psáder, R




Feb 25
Examination of the respiratory system IV Respiratory sounds of the healthy animals. Abnormal respiratory sounds. Psader, R.




Feb 26
Radiography of the thorax II. Radiography of the appendicular skeleton I Arany-Tóth, A 2 Feb 28
Examination of the respiratory system V. Examination of the respiratory system by percussion. Origin of the percussion sound. Percussion sound of the thorax in healthy animals. Lung borders. Abnormal percussion sounds.

Examination of the cardiovascular system I. Inspection, palpation and percussion of the heart. Cardiac dullness

Vörös K



Manczur F





March 3
Examination of the cardiovascular system II. Auscultation of the heart sound, changes of the heart sounds Vörös K 1


March 4
Radiography of the appendicular skeleton II. Cross-sectional imaging in the veterinary diagnostics (CT, MRI). Arany-Tóth, A 2 March 6
Examination of the cardiovascular system II. Auscultation. Endo- and extracardial murmurs.

Blood vessels, pulse. Venas, pozitive and negative vena pulse.

Vörös K


Manczur F



March 10
Examination of the canine and feline digestive system Sterczer Á 1 March 11
Radiography of the spine and skull (myelography CT, MRI) Arany-Tóth, A 2 March 13
Examination of the urinary system

Examination of the hormonal glands and spleen . Haematopoetic system

Manczur F

Pápa K



March 17


Examination of the hormonal glands and spleen. Haematopoetic system Pápa K




March 18
Preanesthetic examination. Anesthetics Dunay, M 2 March 20
Examination of the nervous system I. Examination methods. Examination of the head and spinal cord. Postures.

Abnormal behaviour. Seizures. Abnormal locomotion.

Balogh, É






March 24
No lecture March 25
Pain management. Anesthesic machines Dunay, M 2 March 27
Examination of the nervous system II. Positional reflexes, ataxia, paraesis-paralysis. Pain sensation.  Examination of the cranial nerves. Máthé, Á


2 March 31
Examination of the nervous system III. Examination of the spinal reflexes Máthé, Á 1


Apr 1
Ventilators. Perioperative monitoring Dunay, M 2 Apr 3
Examination of the skin


Tarpataki, N 2 Apr 14
Equus days, international day     Apr 15
Anesthesia protocols Dunay, M 2 Apr 17
Ultrasound diagnostic (principles, methods), ultrasonography of the

abdominal organs.


Manczur, F


Vörös, K




Apr 21
Electrocardiography (ECG)  introduction Manczur, F 1 Apr 22
High-risk anesthesia protocols Dunay, M 2 Apr 24
Basics of ECG analysis.  PLENARY LECTURES Manczur, F 2 Apr 28
Blood pressure measurement. Manczur F 1 Apr 29
Respiratory endoscopy. Gastrointestinal endoscopy Psader R 2


May 5
Complications and emergencies in anesthesia Dunay, M 2 May 8